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Florike Egmond

Abstract

Most descriptions of marine life by naturalists of the sixteenth century concern the Mediterranean (Rondelet, Belon, Salviani), while evidence of fieldwork at sea or along the coasts is rare for the North Sea and North Atlantic. Here, the focus is on textual and visual evidence of both first-hand observations and “field work once removed” in manuscript sources of the second half of the sixteenth century: the richly illustrated albums of Adriaen Coenen (1514-1587), son of a Dutch fisherman and practical expert on marine life; and the letters (1597-1604) from Henrik Høyer in Norway to the naturalist Carolus Clusius. The focus is on their motivation; research methods; particular areas of interest; and the problems involved in the preservation of marine animals.


Denzil Miller, Eugene Sabourenkov and David Ramm

seabird bycatch in longline fisheries, (c) trade-related measures to com- bat illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing on CCAMLR species, and (d) general environ- mental protection. CCAMLR’s achievements are evaluated, potential threats to its future effectiveness are identified and some possible

Ismaël Keddar, Charline Couchoux, Pierre Jouventin and F. Stephen Dobson

). The extent to which changes in sexual traits change with environmental conditions over time, however, has not been widely studied. Many seabirds exhibit sexually monomorphic colour ornaments (mutual ornamentation; e.g., Yellow-eyed penguin Megadyptes antipodes : Massaro et al., 2003 ; King penguin

Maureen L. Cameron-Macmillan, Carolyn J. Walsh, Sabina I. Wilhelm and Anne E. Storey

, Memorial University of Newfoundland) (Accepted: 18 August 2006) Summary We investigated the behavioural context of pair (PCs) and extra-pair copulations (EPCs) in individually-marked socially-monogamous, long-lived seabirds, common murres ( Uria aalge ). Since forced EPCs have been documented for this

A.E. Storey

intruders. Summary Playback experiments were used to study the role of vocalization in mate attraction by Manx shearwaters, a nocturnal seabird. Pre-breeding birds were exposed to test calls of male and female shearwaters calling from the range of normal locations: above the colony as in a flyover call, on

Hans Winkler and Klaus Michalek

not Ž nd efŽ cient paternity guards. High certainty of paternity may be explained by paternal care being essential for female reproductive success, as in many seabirds and birds of prey. Females rarely engage in extra-pair copulations probably because they are constrained by male care. Males in both

Fabrice Genevois, François Mougeot and Vincent Bretagnolle

Hautes Etudes, Laboratoire de Biogeographie et Ecologie des Vertebres, Place Eugene Bataillon, 34060 Montpellier, France) (Ace. 9-IX-1998) Summary The thin-billed prion Pachyptila belcheri is a long-lived, monogamous and nocturnal seabird breeding in burrows in dense colonies in the southern hemisphere

Arie Trouwborst

Abstract

This article discusses the role of international law in environmental governance in the Arctic. It does so from the perspective of bird conservation. Challenges in the latter field are introduced, including the impact of climate change on Arctic bird habitats and the incidental mortality of seabirds in Arctic fisheries. The ability of the current international legal framework in the Arctic to meet these challenges is scrutinised, and future scenarios for its enhancement are explored, including the conclusion of (a) new legally binding agreement(s). Five species receive particular attention as part of this exercise: gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus), ivory gull (Pagophila eburnea), spoon-billed sandpiper (Eurynorhynchus pygmeus), Kittlitz’s murrelet (Brachyramphus brevirostris) and Brünnich’s guillemot (Uria lomvia). Special attention is also devoted to the issue of seabird bycatch.

Appendix G

Tables, Environment

less Eurocentric. Table 1G addresses the prevalence of organic compounds, which some authors have identified as a major concern in the deep ocean. The data on seabirds from the eastern coast of Canada cover a 16-year period, during which there appears to have been some reduction in organochlorine