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Energy from the Sea

An International Law Perspective on Ocean Energy

Edited by Nigel Bankes and Seline Trevisanut

One of the main challenges of our time is to be able to guarantee energy supply at a reasonable price. Policy makers, international institutions and the private sector increasingly look to the oceans as a significant source of energy. The Law of the Sea provides the legal framework within which any maritime activity is performed and strikes a balance between the multiple activities that can take place simultaneously in the same maritime zone. This volume addresses some of the main legal challenges raised by the expansion of the ocean energy sector and its consequences for the relevant international normative and institutional framework. Some of the major themes explored include energy sources and the competition for marine space, energy security, private actors and corporate social responsibility, fragmentation or integration, evolution and reinforcement of international law and liability.

Evolution of the East Central Eurasian Hydrocarbon Energy Complex

The Case of China, Russia, and Kazakhstan

Robert M. Cutler

downstream assets. These were the China National Petroleum Corporation ( cnpc ) and the China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation (Sinopec). The key problem was to simplify energy-sector regulation and policy-formation, including definition of the proper role of the state companies. The autopoiesis phase

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The Rock Environment & Energy Institute

reduction pressure, the technology for electricity generation through waste incineration was also included in the list. Previously, the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Renewable Energy and the renewable energy policies consisting of several normative documents issued by the National Development

The Rock Environment & Energy Institute

pressure, the technology for electricity generation through waste incineration was also included in the list. Previously, the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Renewable Energy and the renewable...

David J. LePoire

of rapid change in Big History. The first pattern occurred soon after the Big Bang, when the energy in the form of high temperature heat cooled due to expansion, resulting in a decreasing rate of change in the way matter and energy behaved. The second pattern is the more delicate emergence of

Hao Zhang

1 Introduction * For many decades, the fast growth in China’s power sector has been characterised by sizeable investment in coal-fired generation, and escalating energy sector greenhouse gas emissions ( GGE s). 1 In response to mounting pressure to mitigate GGE s and reduce air pollution caused

Lenore G. Martin

interest in securing Middle East energy supplies. It imports approximately 41% of its gas and 51% of it oil from the region ( eia 2014 and 2013). See charts 1 and 2 . This need to fuel its economy, literally, with Middle East energy supplies has driven China’s greater interest in Middle East affairs in

Burensain Borjigin

China has been turned from an oil exporter to an oil importer. Nowadays, over 60 per cent of China’s petroleum is imported, making China one of the world’s largest oil importers, second only to the United States. In order to guarantee the energy supply for its ever-increasing growth, China has begun

Sabine Schlacke and Michèle Knodt

1 Background and Development of the Governance Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 The establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community ( ecsc ) in July 1952 and the European Atomic Energy Community in 1957 already targeted, among other things, a common energy policy concerning particularly the energy