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Clive Schofield

these issues in the course of earlier efforts at the codification of the international law of the sea in 1958 and 1960. The majority of such maritime claims are defined by maximum breadth limits, such as 12 nautical miles (nm) for the territorial sea and 200 nm for the exclusive economic zone (EEZ

Talal Aladwani

-party liability and compensation for maritime claims. 2 This article is an attempt to address briefly the ratified conventions and their implementation (or effectiveness) under Kuwaiti law. The need for ratifying the recent amendments to the current ratified conventions and for incorporating new IMO

Edited by Clive H. Schofield, Seokwoo Lee and Moon-Sang Kwon

The Limits of Maritime Jurisdiction, edited by Clive Schofield, Seokwoo Lee, and Moon-Sang Kwon, comprises 36 chapters by leading oceans scholars and practitioners devoted to both the definition of maritime limits and boundaries spatially and the limits of jurisdictional rights within claimed maritime zones. Contributions address conflicting maritime claims and boundary disputes, access to valuable marine resources, protecting the marine environment, maritime security and combating piracy, concerns over expanding activities and jurisdiction in Polar waters and the impact of climate change on the oceans, including the potential impact of sea level rise on the scope of claims to maritime zones. The volume therefore offers critical analysis on a range of important and frequently increasingly pressing contemporary law of the sea issues.


Clive R. Symmons

The issue of historic rights and historic waters has long been a problematic area in the law of the sea where even basic definitions have been vague and interchangeably used in the past. The first edition of this book was entitled Historic Waters in the Law of the Sea: A Modern Re-Appraisal, and concentrated, as the title implies, on the doctrine of historic waters. The title of this expanded new edition has been broadened to take account of the important clarifications as to the doctrine of historic maritime claims generally—particularly 'historic rights' in the narrow sense which fall short of sovereignty claims. These latter rights—¬such as they now are—are discussed in depth in the new text. This development has come about, of course, because of the Award of the Arbitral Tribunal in Philippines v. China in 2016. This decision has, for the first time in a judicial setting, rationalised the terminology in this area of the law of the sea; and, most importantly, has clarified the close interaction of historic rights with the Law of the Sea Convention. This new edition discusses the latter issue passim, showing that much of the former customary law doctrine has now been overridden by the Convention.

Zou Keyuan

interests, in particular around the Spratly Islands which are currently under multiple territorial and maritime claims. This article argues for a new proposal of joint development, at least as a provisional means, pending the settlement of the territorial and maritime disputes, involving all the parties


Yann-huei Song

maritime claims and rights to use the waters of disputed areas through travel and tourism, their tolerance and acknowledgement of the rights of others should increase. It is suggested that an open and sustainable tourism sector will be supportive of higher levels of positive peace, and that countries with

Navigational Restrictions within the New LOS Context

Geographical Implications for the United States


Alexander M. Lewis

Edited by J. Ashley Roach

In 1986, Lewis M. Alexander, a world-renowned marine geographer, prepared for the U.S. Department of Defense a report, Navigational Restrictions within the New LOS Context: Geographical Implications for the United States.

Edited by J. Ashley Roach, the reformatted report is presented in five sections and includes 20 maps, illustrating the world’s international straits and major ocean navigation routes. Forty-three tables present the most comprehensive descriptions of the world’s straits used for international navigation, as well as identify various categories of maritime claims. What made the Report extraordinarily valuable in 1986, and which makes it equally valuable today, is the compilation of geographic data - not available elsewhere - describing the world’s straits used for international navigation and illustrations of the chokepoints and major international shipping trade routes.

Roach has faithfully reproduced Alexander’s seminal work by retaining the original structure and references. A table of defined terms and an index have been added.


Leonardo Bernard and Clive Schofield

also noting the proliferation of overlapping maritime claims and thus the increasing need for maritime boundaries that has resulted from the significant extension of claims to maritime jurisdiction offshore in recent decades. Evolutions in approaches to ocean boundary-making and trends in maritime