constitute predicate focus (Mina has a separate means of coding focus on the predicate. Focus on the predicate has different forms, depending on the aspect of the clause. In both past and present, focus on the predicate is coded by the dependent aspects.):
Topicalization of the subject in Mina
Aikhenvald and Dixon (2006) present a book length cross-linguistic study of language contact situations for different parts of the world. The following quote from Aikhenvald’s introductory chapter to the book provides the impetus for the current paper.
) . After presenting sociohistorical background information about Opoja, I review all of the environments where /o/ occurs uniquely in the Opoja dialect, and argue that the presence of /o/ in Opoja is due to a sound change from /ə/ to /o/. I furthermore argue that this sound change was influenced by the
which they lived previously. What did change for those who created kcp , as will be discussed, was their status within the highly developed, all-pervasive caste system of the area. When the Portuguese settled in India, this newly-arrived community was incorporated as a new caste within the already-present
also under the influence of figurative thinking, that of the science of man, antropology. In fact, while the neogrammarians presented languages in the light of their analogies with plants and animals, the early structuralist and even post-structuralist approach since Weinreich’s and Haugen’s time
investigation. The methodology developed by Schultz (2012) to research the various borrowings also constitutes a form of model for the present analysis of the 19 th century French culinary terms.
1.2 The Oxford English Dictionary Online as a Source of French Borrowings
The oed Online offers the
variation in the environment within which an Italian child constructs his/her language omits important information regarding a child’s language exposure. In fact, studying the variation phenomena (from phonological, lexical and morphosyntactic levels) present in the child’s language environment may help
of interactions, and the languages present during the early years.
In the following, I will first set out the historical context in which Dutch Creoles were formed by considering the colonisation of Essequibo and Berbice, their management and (slow) growth. We will see that Dutch exploration of the
to the intensity and type of contact as well as to language attitudes related to literary traditions established in the past.
In this paper, we first provide an overview of the theoretical background in 2. We then present some background on the Slavic minority languages under study, in 3, followed
The present study seeks to investigate the distribution of Differential Object Marking ( dom ) in a dialect of Basque in contact with Spanish. Coined by
Bossong (1991) , dom refers to the linguistic phenomenon in which some direct objects of transitive verbs get overtly