evaluate the historical trajectory of “enlightenment” and twentieth-century anti-traditionalism? What position and function should be assigned to traditional culture in the future development of national and academic culture? From the fragmented opinions at present, one can see that the realm of
uses the working methods of historiography but all the currently emerging major “historiographical directions of study” have made methodological choices because of control over research directions. This indicates that at present the social sciences in China are generally in a phase of hesitation and
banquet in the new capital, the old artist still told anecdotes of the Sui and Tang dynasties, just as he had in the South. Another famous artist, Zhang Wu (張五), had also been cast adrift in Beijing after the collapse of the Ming. 20 Thus for Liu and Zhang, the present occasion constituted a kind of
Mother of the West, the present article attempts to explore this question of her evolving image from the perspective of comparative mythology.
Research Trends Regarding the Myth of the Queen Mother of the West
In China’s modern academic history, research on the Queen Mother of the West traces back
orientation for affairs of “this world” and not a metaphysical or spiritual “otherworld.” This way of thinking is manifested in the Chinese tendency to rely on and seek safety from the collective that exists in the present world and not in any another world (e.g., a Christian afterlife). Therefore, Chinese
The end of the cold war was followed by a failure of political imagination. In 1989, Francis Fukuyama’s famous essay “The End of History?” although criticized by many, presented a belief (or at least a wish) commonly held in the West: the idea that any political system other than Western liberal
intellectual underpinnings of its cultural milieu: is it presented as an incontestable point of doctrine, or is it put forward as a polemical position or a defensive response within a context of moral disputation? Is its verbal form, especially its framing in either positive or negative grammatical terms
presented in a gentle way and the person summoned originally planned to go and see the king, this kind of refusal would then appear eccentric and unreasonable and may certainly have left people perplexed. In order to make Mencius’ refusal seem less unusual, Zhu Xi 朱熹 [1130-1200] suggested that the offense
framework of Chinese to incorporate the present-day realities of globalization, immigration, and the movement of people and ideas across geopolitical borders. Zhu emphasizes “cultural belongingness” among overseas Chinese writers, yet this concept limits the flexibility of the immigrant subjects, as an
Hui studies but also offer a way of understanding regional culture through scenic literary depictions.
Scenes of Huizhou’s Landscape
Huizhou is located in the southern part of present-day Anhui Province and thus was considered part of China’s Jiangnan (“south of the Yangtze River” 江南) region