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. See Nadolski, D.G. 1977 ‘Ottoman and Secular Civil Law’, 8 International Journal of Middle East Studies 517. 20 Hourani, A. 1983 Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age 1798-1939 , Cambridge, Cambridge University Press at 350. 21 On the adaptation of Islamic law to modern conditions see generally Hallaq, WB

In: Arab Law Quarterly

March 2000, which was an adaptation of the Evidence Law to the technologies of information and legalising the electronic signature. Therefore, this draft which is mainly based on the French experience can be listed among proposed amendments for the provisions and clauses of the Civil Litigation Law

In: Arab Law Quarterly

adaptation strategies. Decisions made to address short term crisis can create long term institutional commitments with decidedly unintended implications. International humanitarian organizations, overwhelmed by the scale and magnitude of these refugee and displacement crises, have become the de facto

In: Middle East Law and Governance

values that aim at freeing the nation and the citizens politically and economically. The Court added that subjection of the constitutional texts to a specific philos- ophy is contrary to the need for their adaptation to the new horizons that the na- tion strives to reach and which may not be obstructed

In: Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law Online

thereof existing immediately before the appointed day shall as far as applicable and with the necessary adaptations, continue as the law of each of the new Dominions and the several parts thereof until other provision is made by laws of the Legislature of the Dominion in question or by any other

In: Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law Online

adaptations of the laws of the European countries in those fields. There are three judicial systems: the civil (adli) system includes criminal and civil courts. General criminal courts are competent in criminal matters, but there are also State Security Courts which have special competence in criminal matters

In: Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law Online

, that the Shari `a should be adapted progressively to the needs of modem civilisation before replacing the Western-inspired system of law in force in Egypt; until such adaptation was completed, Shari `a law should play a subsidiary role, that is to say, the Shan'a would apply only in the absence of

In: Arab Law Quarterly

other considerations such as the autonomy of the arbitration clause, defective arbitration clauses, repudiation and waiver of arbitration agreements, the adaptation of contracts, filling gaps, and multiparty disputes. Chapters 4 to 7 concentrate in detail on the practicalities of arbitration proceedings

In: Arab Law Quarterly

his study concerning the Egyptian Per- sonal Status Law, and the way that men and women interact in court, Shaham noticed that public values and behaviour in Egypt during the early years of the second half of the 20th century have changed. This change has simultaneously required the adaptation of a

In: Arab Law Quarterly

needs fresh interpretation or a new perspective), the extraction from it of principles by deduction, and the application of those principles using analogy to current issues. 23 Th e result is a modification of transac- tions devised and approved in the classical era of the sharia. Th e adaptation

In: Arab Law Quarterly