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Petr Zima

also under the influence of figurative thinking, that of the science of man, antropology. In fact, while the neogrammarians presented languages in the light of their analogies with plants and animals, the early structuralist and even post-structuralist approach since Weinreich’s and Haugen’s time

Julia Schultz

investigation. The methodology developed by Schultz (2012) to research the various borrowings also constitutes a form of model for the present analysis of the 19 th century French culinary terms. 1.2 The Oxford English Dictionary Online as a Source of French Borrowings The oed Online offers the

Anna Ghimenton

variation in the environment within which an Italian child constructs his/her language omits important information regarding a child’s language exposure. In fact, studying the variation phenomena (from phonological, lexical and morphosyntactic levels) present in the child’s language environment may help

Dutch Guiana

Demographics and Living Conditions and the Emergence of Dutch Creoles during the First One Hundred Years, 1580–1675

Silvia Kouwenberg

of interactions, and the languages present during the early years. In the following, I will first set out the historical context in which Dutch Creoles were formed by considering the colonisation of Essequibo and Berbice, their management and (slow) growth. We will see that Dutch exploration of the

Evangelia Adamou, Walter Breu, Lenka Scholze and Rachel Xingjia Shen

to the intensity and type of contact as well as to language attitudes related to literary traditions established in the past. In this paper, we first provide an overview of the theoretical background in 2. We then present some background on the Slavic minority languages under study, in 3, followed

Itxaso Rodríguez-Ordóñez

1 Introduction The present study seeks to investigate the distribution of Differential Object Marking ( dom ) in a dialect of Basque in contact with Spanish. Coined by Bossong (1991) , dom refers to the linguistic phenomenon in which some direct objects of transitive verbs get overtly

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

borrowability on the basis of the data available (see also Campbell 1993: 104). In a recent document, Thomason provides an overview of the present situation of research on contact-induced linguistic change, concluding, first, that “no one has successfully proposed absolute linguistic constraints on contact

Introduction: French Language(s) in Contact Worldwide

History, Space, System, and other Ecological Parameters

Françoise Gadet and Ralph Ludwig

“Francophonia discontinua”, in a brief recap of the contact history of French in France and worldwide, and a review of the main corpora available (Part 1). Part 2 will present the analytical framework used to encompass the several factors for studying the ecology of present-day French worldwide. Part 3 presents

Beyond the Category

Towards a Continuous Model of Contact-Induced Change

Steve Pagel

1 Introduction and Aims The categories and types that we isolate from the world of phenomena we do not find there because they stare every observer in the face; on the contrary, the world is presented in a kaleidoscopic flux of impressions which has to be organized by our minds […]. Whorf

Sebastian Nordhoff

analyzed the nominal grammar of the Lankan languages. In the 2003 paper, number and definiteness featured more prominently than now; in the present paper, the only remaining feature pointing towards Tamil influence is the accusative marker. While the SLM system is not a clear calque of Standard Tamil