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Andrew Tobolowsky

has recently changed with the publication of a monograph on the subject of threshing floors by Jamie Waters (Waters 2015 ). Waters argues, essentially, that threshing floors attract unusual events because they are sacred spaces animated by connection with YHWH. 2 Drawing on the work of Mircea Eliade

Antonio J. Morales

and magical recitations into monumental inscriptions in the Pyramid Texts was subjected to several stages of adaptation and recentering. At mapping the dimensions of transformation, one identifies a series of transformational procedures, mainly entextualization and textualization, accompanied by

Ryan Thomas

-ferentiation between painters A and B was “to some extent biased by the fact that A drew only animals, while B drew only human figures, and their styles may be closer to each other than is immediately apparent from the subject matter” (Beck 2012 : 183). Fourth, although Beck identified several distinct cultural


Eric Goodfield

approach is neither novel nor rare, and we have the likes of Rousseau, Hegel, Marx and the Frankfurt School to thank for that. In particular, I organize my thoughts around the way the individual subject is deployed in what I consider to be a fairly general and pronounced, though perhaps often unconscious

Thomas Schneider

of the god yahweh? 119 compound that would constitute as a whole the theophoric element and subject of a nominal sentence name. 18 This can be compared to the onomastic use of similar theophoric compounds, e.g. mlqrt < mlk-qrt „Melqart; King of the city“ in Phoenician-Punic names (Benz 347f

by language or faith. He selected significant subjects from this stream and gleaned useful and well-grounded analytical categories. His first major work, I Have Built You an Exalted House: Temple Building in the Bible in Light of Mesopotamian and Northwest Semitic Writings (Sheffield Academic Press

Ilya Yakubovich

contains a series of invocations to local deities. 1 The gods and goddesses are invited to come and taste the © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2006 JANER 5 Also available online – 1 Subject to the usual disclaimers. I would like to thank Theo van den Hout, who contributed to the composition of

Daniel O'Hare

priests, and he fi nds it necessary to provide “new, imaginative construals of the values in Priestly rhetoric” (320). Priestly e ff ectiveness can be judged by how the priests met the basic stan- dards of Torah (e.g. monotheism) and by the practical e ff ects of their rule on their subjects. “The Aaronides


Edited by Koert van Bekkum, Jaap Dekker, Henk R. van den Kamp and Eric Peels

Since ancient times Leviathan and other monsters from the biblical world symbolize the life-threatening powers in nature and history. They represent the dark aspects of human nature and political entities and reveal the supernatural dimensions of evil. Ancient texts and pictures regarding these monsters reflect an environment of polytheism and religious pluralism. Remarkably, however, the biblical writings and post-biblical traditions use these venerated symbols in portraying God as being sovereign over the entire universe, a theme that is also prominent in the reception of these texts in subsequent contexts.
This volume explores this tension and elucidates the theological and cultural meaning of ‘Leviathan’ by studying its ancient Near Eastern background and its attestation in biblical texts, early and rabbinic Judaism, Christian theology, Early Modern art, and film.