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Brett A. Bergman, Edward G. Bobich, Stephen D. Davis, Yasuhiro Utsumi and Frank W. Ewers

: 61 – 72 . DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01309.x . Ruzin SE . 1999 . Plant microtechnique and microscopy . Oxford University Press . Salleo S , Lo Gullo MA . 1986 . Xylem cavitation in nodes and internodes of whole Chorisia insignis H . B. et K. plants subjected

J. Julio Camarero

Edited by Victoria De Micco

. halepensis was sampled in six sites; Q. ilex was sampled in three sites; J. Thurifera , P. sylvestris and Q. faginea were sampled in two sites). In the most xeric sites subjected to semi-arid conditions (Peñaflor, Retuerta de Pina, and Valcuerna sites; Table 1 ) the dominant tree species is Aleppo

Jong Sik Kim and Geoffrey Daniel

Edited by Lloyd A. Donaldson

selected randomly. Results were subjected to one-way ANOVA with a post-hoc Tukey’s test to examine statistical significance. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) For lignin staining, transverse ultrathin sections (90 nm) were stained with 1% w/v KMnO 4 in 0.1% w/v sodium citrate. For TEM immunogold

Veronica De Micco, Enrica Zalloni, Giovanna Battipaglia, Arturo Erbaggio, Pasquale Scognamiglio, Rosanna Caputo and Chiara Cirillo

hardwood identification ( IAWA Committee 1989 ). Relative conductivity was calculated according to Van den Oever et al. (1981) and Zimmermann (1983) as the fourth power of the vessel diameter. Anatomical results were subjected to statistical analysis (ANOVA) using the SPSS 13.0 statistical package

Stéphanie C. Bodin, Rita Scheel-Ybert, Jacques Beauchêne, Jean-François Molino and Laurent Bremond

identification may be subject to debate ( Baas 1973 ; Ter Welle 1975 ). For now, these features should only be considered as supporting information and consequently should not be given undue importance at the beginning of the identification process. Quantitative features and charcoal shrinkage Some quantitative


Identification of Asian Timbers

Stephanie Helmling, Andrea Olbrich, Immo Heinz and Gerald Koch

), and the European Timber Regulation (EUTR, No. 995/2010. implemented in 2013). Besides other timber products, these laws subject the fiber components of pulp and paper to strict controls, aiming to minimize the trade and use of illegally logged timber or products derived from it. Both producers and

Lloyd Donaldson, Adya Singh, Laura Raymond, Stefan Hill and Uwe Schmitt

the rhodamine within the region of interest using the following formula: F = ( Dpre − Dpost ) / Dpre Statistical analysis Fluorescence brightness, wall area, and FRET measurements were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) to calculate treatment significance as p-values, and the residual variance

Bei Luo, Tomoya Imai, Junji Sugiyama and Jian Qiu

accomplish this, however, is not fully understood. Both genera possess interxylary phloem (or ‘included phloem’ as it was referred to in the past by Mohamed et al. 2013 ; Angyalossy et al. 2016 ). The development and structure of interxylary phloem have been the subject of particular attention ( Kuo

The Privatisation of Immigration Control through Carrier Sanctions

The Role of Private Transport Companies in Dutch and British Immigration Control


Sophie Scholten

The central theoretical question of The Privatisation of Immigration Control through Carrier Sanctions concerns the social working of legal rules. Sophie Scholten examines how states, private companies (carriers) and people (passengers) have become interconnected through carrier sanctions legislation.
Scholten describes the legal framework in the Netherlands and the UK and international and European legislative rules developed on the subject. The author ties in with debates on privatisation of control in general and of immigration control in particular. As such the author provides a much needed new look at a field which as not attracted detailed academic attention. Scholten opens up fascinating questions about the relationship of the public and private sectors in the complex and politically sensitive area of immigration.

Nature Conservation in Southern Africa

Morality and Marginality: Towards Sentient Conservation?


Edited by Jan-Bart Gewald, Marja Spierenburg and Harry Wels

Nature conservation in southern Africa has always been characterised by an interplay between Capital, specific understandings of Morality, and forms of Militarism, that are all dependent upon the shared subservience and marginalization of animals and certain groups of people in society. Although the subjectivity of people has been rendered visible in earlier publications on histories of conservation in southern Africa, the subjectivity of animals is hardly ever seriously considered or explicitly dealt with. In this edited volume the subjectivity and sentience of animals is explicitly included. The contributors argue that the shared human and animal marginalisation and agency in nature conservation in southern Africa (and beyond) could and should be further explored under the label of ‘sentient conservation’.

Contributors are Malcolm Draper, Vupenyu Dzingirai, Jan-Bart Gewald, Michael Glover, Paul Hebinck, Tariro Kamuti, Lindiwe Mangwanya, Albert Manhamo, Dhoya Snijders, Marja Spierenburg, Sandra Swart, Harry Wels.