: 61 – 72 . DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01309.x . Ruzin SE . 1999 . Plant microtechnique and microscopy . Oxford University Press . Salleo S , Lo Gullo MA . 1986 . Xylem cavitation in nodes and internodes of whole Chorisia insignis H . B. et K. plants subjected
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. halepensis was sampled in six sites; Q. ilex was sampled in three sites; J. Thurifera , P. sylvestris and Q. faginea were sampled in two sites). In the most xeric sites subjected to semi-arid conditions (Peñaflor, Retuerta de Pina, and Valcuerna sites; Table 1 ) the dominant tree species is Aleppo
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selected randomly. Results were subjected to one-way ANOVA with a post-hoc Tukey’s test to examine statistical significance. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) For lignin staining, transverse ultrathin sections (90 nm) were stained with 1% w/v KMnO 4 in 0.1% w/v sodium citrate. For TEM immunogold
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hardwood identification ( IAWA Committee 1989 ). Relative conductivity was calculated according to Van den Oever et al. (1981) and Zimmermann (1983) as the fourth power of the vessel diameter. Anatomical results were subjected to statistical analysis (ANOVA) using the SPSS 13.0 statistical package
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identification may be subject to debate ( Baas 1973 ; Ter Welle 1975 ). For now, these features should only be considered as supporting information and consequently should not be given undue importance at the beginning of the identification process. Quantitative features and charcoal shrinkage Some quantitative
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the rhodamine within the region of interest using the following formula: F = ( Dpre − Dpost ) / Dpre Statistical analysis Fluorescence brightness, wall area, and FRET measurements were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) to calculate treatment significance as p-values, and the residual variance
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accomplish this, however, is not fully understood. Both genera possess interxylary phloem (or ‘included phloem’ as it was referred to in the past by Mohamed et al. 2013 ; Angyalossy et al. 2016 ). The development and structure of interxylary phloem have been the subject of particular attention ( Kuo
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