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Haiming Liu

simultaneously. While Chinese immigrants invented chopsuey and other popular Americanized Chinese dishes, Jewish residential proximity to New York Chinatown allowed many Jewish immigrants and their fami- lies to frequent Chinese restaurants and become familiar with Chinese food. Based on a review of articles

Laifong Leung

, such as Sun Yat-sen’s revolution in 1911 to overthrow the Qing Dynasty. 3 Unfortunately their activities did not garner the recognition and appreciation they deserved beyond the community’s regional borders. Largely presented in Chinese and in the confines of Chinatown, the cultural activities and

Edited by Ference Marton, Shek Kam Tse and Wai Ming Cheung

Although more people speak Chinese than any other language on Earth, proficiency in Chinese is largely confined to the people who live in or adjacent to the Chinese Mainland and Taiwan, and to the ethnic Chinese inhabitants of the various “Chinatowns” in countries around the world. Despite its allure, many people find Chinese a hard language to learn, including a considerable number of children who learn it as mother tongue. The basic units of written Chinese are ideographic symbols called characters; and the meaning and pronunciation of each character is determined by the tone attached to it by the speaker. Facing the very large number of Chinese characters and words, it seems impossible for learners, regardless of their native language, to master the language other than via rote memorization. The attempt to facilitate the route to proficiency in Chinese has understandably attracted the attention of numerous psycholinguistic researchers and educators.
Using the Theory of Variation as the primary learning framework, the authors of this book conducted a number of large-scale and robustly-designed studies to investigate the relationship between the learning and teaching of Chinese, mostly among native speakers However we believe that the results are applicable to the learning of Chinese as a second language. Studies into ways of understanding the phonological and orthographical acquisition of characters are reported; ways of helping learners come to terms with reading Chinese, a textual language that does not always correspond word-for word with the spoken discourse, are explained; and the implications of the evidence for Chinese curriculum and syllabus design are pointedly addressed by the contributors. The authors believe that there are effective ways to become skilled in Chinese and that learning Chinese can be pleasurable and interesting. They provide empirical evidence for educators, parents, policymakers and readers interested in Chinese language education. They also illuminate the path to the mastery of Chinese in schools and how Chinese should be taught in today’s world.

Series:

Tansen Sen

Bengal state in eastern India. Perhaps no more than 3,000 people of Chinese ancestry now live in the city, which has been home to two Chinatowns. In the mid-twentieth century, when the ethnic Chinese population in Kolkata was over 15,000, both places were vibrant sites of economic and cultural activities

Ottavio Palombaro

of church members were involved in entrepreneurial activities as small business owners, mainly in the Chinatown of Milan. While there is certainly a need for more in-depth qualitative research on this topic, from what I observed there is enough evidence to identify Protestant Christianity in Wenzhou

Journal of Chinese Overseas 7 (2011) i-ii brill.nl/jco © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/179325411X565362 Also available online – brill.nl/jco Editor’s Note In this issue Guest Editor Prof. Bernard Wong has helped to put together five articles under the theme Chinatowns

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Jingyi Song

Denver’s Chinatown emerged and developed along with the rise of the City in the last quarter of the 19th century. Beginning as a simple shelter accommodating the economic-driven Chinese pioneers with basic facilities for survival in the tough frontier environment in the Rocky Mountains in the early