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generalizations about—as well as in their reconstructed common ancestor, Proto-Anatolian ( PA ). Second, to develop synchronic analyses, framed in terms of Optimality Theory (Prince and Smolensky, 1993/2004), of the phonological systems that generate these patterns. Third, to

In: Indo-European Linguistics

developed formal pragmatic theory of pragmatic competence, combining the insights from both optimality theory and neo-Gricean pragmatics. From the perspective of optimality theory, pragmatics is taken to be characterized by defaults and preferences, and utterance interpretation, to present an optimization

In: International Review of Pragmatics

followed by three papers which examine the attested history of creoles and what it can tell us about substrate influence on these languages. Using Optimality Theory Christian Uffmann (123-152) deals with the issue of paragogic vowels and the occasionally ensuing vowel harmony in Sranan, pointing out the

In: Journal of Language Contact

’s “cognitive optimum theory” to historical texts, using divine epithets in Assyro-Babylonian texts as a case study. In addition to offering a proposal for a more principled way of working with historical texts, he suggests in conclusion that textual traditions may allow concepts to veer off the cognitive

In: Numen

ram groups to gain antipredator advantages (Ruckstuhl & Festa-Bianchet, 2001). While changes in group membership can impact activity budgets and alter foraging efficiency, natural selection and optimality theory would pre- dict that any disadvantages resulting from joining a particular group would, on

In: Behaviour

accounted for by frameworks such as lexical phonology (Kiparsky 1982, Mohanan 1986), which postulate a stratification for <LINK "ral-r41"> <LINK "ral-r53"> the application of phonological rules to word-internal structures, or optimality theory (Prince & Smolensky 1993), according to which a set of ranked con

In: Journal of Greek Linguistics

promising account for Wackernagel’s observation within a grammar can be given in a framework developed in Alderete (2001). His system is able to address inversion and can—in principle—cope with the fact that internal derivation is not restricted to o -stems. Working in optimality theory, Alderete

In: Indo-European Linguistics

relevance theoretic account of language use. In seeking to explain the association between round numerical form and approximate interpretation, Krifka (2002, 2007) considers (though ultimately rejects) an account couched in the framework of Bidirectional Optimality Theory (Blutner, 2000), which draws on two

In: International Review of Pragmatics

leading theories of divine beings and religious concepts: Guthrie’s (1993) perceptual schema theory and Boyer’s (1994) cognitive optimum theory. Guthrie’s (1993) perceptual schema theory emphasizes the anthropomorphization of deity features from humanistic qualities embedded and derived within one

In: Archive for the Psychology of Religion

, to permit the identification or testing of meaningful optimality predictions (ZACH & SMITH, 1981). Spatial relationships of highly conspicuous central place foragers like gulls appear to be one context where relevant optimized quantities can be identified and assessed. The main weakness of optimality

In: Behaviour