policy issues emerge, and the international environment, and relations, for example within nato , move on. For example the eu is again trying to strengthen the eu / nato dimension, as well as to develop pesco , and with it the eu ’s potential for strategic autonomy, both of which will present long
; derived from their ancestors unto them, may from themselves be transmitted unto posterity, if God so please.”
Apocalyptic discourse proclaims temporal discontinuity, a sharp break between the fallen present and the redeemed future. St. John, by contrast, emphasized continuities by looking back as
, Eastern European legal scholars aimed to demonstrate the theoretical legitimacy of socialist human rights and to present themselves as intellectual equals and not mere propagandists for the socialist cause. In the lead up to the International Year, this could be seen at the Nobel Symposium for human
the organization tries to connect the role of the various stakeholders with public opinion.
In spite of their pivotal role in presenting the UN’s mission, the dynamics and impact of international days, weeks, years, and decades have not received comprehensive historical study.
occasions by contrast where the smaller member states felt that they had been presented with a fait accompli , or a big country stitch up, resentment flared and agreement was delayed rather than promoted. All of which means that the chances of any package cooked up solely between the two largest remaining
presented the project conclusions to his cabinet colleagues in the morning, then to the Bundestag ’s Foreign Affairs Committee, then in an internal town-hall meeting to the ministry staff, then to the press—and finally to the wider public in a big event together with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für
The Walls between Conflict and Peace discusses how walls are not merely static entities, but are in constant flux, subject to the movement of time. Walls often begin life as a line marking a radical division, but then become an area, that is to say a border, within which function civil and political societies, national and supranational societies. Such changes occur because over time cooperation between populations produces an active quest for peace, which is therefore a peace in constant movement. These are the concepts and lines of political development analysed in the book.
The first part of the book deals with political walls and how they evolve into borders, or even disappear. The second part discusses possible and actual walls between empires, and also walls which may take shape within present-day empires. The third part analyses various ways of being of walls between and within states: Berlin, the Vatican State and Italy, Cyprus, Israel and Palestine, Belfast, Northern European Countries, Gorizia and Nova Gorica, the USA and Mexico. In addition, discussion centres on a possible new Iron Curtain between the two Mediterranean shores and new and different walls within the EU. The last part of the book looks at how walls and borders change as a result of cooperation between the communities on either side of them.
The book takes on particular relevance in the present circumstances of the proliferation of walls between empires and states and within single states, but it also analyses processes of conflict and peace which come about as a result of walls.
Contributors are: Eliezer Ben-Rafael, Sigal Ben-Rafael Galanti, Melania-Gabriela Ciot, Hastings Donnan, Anneli Ute Gabanyi, Alberto Gasparini, Maria Hadjipavlou, Max Haller, Neil Jarman, Thomas Lunden, Domenico Mogavero, Alejandro Palma, Dennis Soden.
deserves to occupy the centre stage of progressive world history, both past and present’. 1 Euro-centrism seems to be a fairly new concept. The oldest reference that I have found is from 1914. 2 It is an epistemological concept, relating to how we try to understand the world and how we produce knowledge
present and active in the international arena. ‘Parliamen- tary diplomacy’, however, has only quite recently become the common term used to describe the wide range of international activities undertaken by members of parliament in order to increase mutual understanding between countries, to improve