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Arabic Type-Making in the Machine Age

The Influence of Technology on the Form of Arabic Type, 1908–1993

Series:

Titus Nemeth

Arabic is the third most widely used script in the world, and gave rise to one of the richest manuscript cultures of mankind. Its representation in type has engaged printers, engineers, businesses and designers since the 16th century, and today most digital devices render Arabic type. Yet the evolution of the printed form of Arabic, and its development from metal to pixels, has not been charted before. Arabic Type-Making in the Machine Age provides the first comprehensive account of this history using previously undocumented archival sources. In this richly illustrated volume, Titus Nemeth narrates the evolution of Arabic type under the influence of changing technologies from the perspective of a practitioner, combining historical research with applied design considerations.

Series:

Malcolm Draper

The eco-frontier concept is new but speaks to the old and ever-changing relationship between humanity and nature that is the subject of environmental history, which narrates the past as a series of struggles and compromises with nature, rather than merely a series of battles leading to boundaries

Series:

Marja Spierenburg

used it as a guideline for legal evictions. 51 Subject to fierce global competition and feeling threatened by the land-reform program and new labour legislation – whether this feeling is justified or not remains a moot point – white farmers developed a range of strategies to hold on to the land and to

Series:

Paul Hebinck

livelihood strategies. 27 Rights, like the meanings of the resources, are therefore not fixed but are often fluid and temporary, subject to negotiation, potentially conflictive, and generating ambiguities associated with certain ways in which wildlife is used. 28 Perspectives and Practices of Appropriating

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Jan-Bart Gewald

this partly explains why the flora depicted is atypical. That is, although the subject matter central to the picture is correct, all too often the flora depicted has clearly emerged from the imagination of somebody who has never seen a camel thorn tree or protea in reality. 29 Daniell’s paintings can

Series:

Harry Wels

, and is how ‘(…) encounters with animals are always to some extent encounters with ourselves and with who we think we are’ 3 ; ‘biosociality’ as Woodward would probably label it, ‘a sociability across apparently disparate species’ in which ‘animals are subjects who have agency and intentionality’ 4

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Sandra Swart

The U.S. Patent Office has decided that ‘non-naturally occurring man-made organisms including animals’ can be patentable subject matter. So it could be seen as part of a scramble for a new biological market: private restoration for potential profit could be seen as a form of neo-liberal necromancy

Series:

Tariro Kamuti

, related to demarcation, where sometimes areas under the same ecological conditions span different local and provincial administrations. Therefore, the game farmers concerned subsequently become subjected to different regulations emanating from each administration and hence not harmonised. Farmers blame