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Sergio Roncato and Clara Casco

. 2 ′ × 28 . 8 ′ . Each of these tiles has discontinuous (virtual) horizontal side and a thin bar as vertical side. Since the illusory horizontal contour has the same interaction strength as the real one (Roncato and Casco, 2003), we expected the illusory effect to be the same as that present with the

Aurelia Colombi Ciacchi

analyses how and to what extent international human rights have had some kind of horizontal effect on non-State actors in the general comments and jurisprudence of five United Nations human rights treaty monitoring bodies. 1 It compares the different ways in which the five monitoring bodies deal with

Volume 5, No. 1 Editorial Human Rights, Comparative Law and Global Governance  1 Aurelia Colombi Ciacchi Articles The Horizontal Effect of International Human Rights Law in Practice: A Comparative Analysis of the General Comments and Jurisprudence of Selected United Nations Human Rights

Gerald Westheimer

three observers was 2.29 times higher than that with vertical and horizontal target lines. This oblique effect was found everywhere in the visual field. Similar conclusions are drawn for configurations in which the lines were replaced by just their distal endpoints, but here, additionally, performance

Laura Doherty and David Foster

external factors, or do observers have an ¤ E-mail: 122 L. M. Doherty and D. H. Foster internal orientation-coding system that is sufŽ cient to deŽ ne the reference frame for the anisotropy? The effect of the orientations of structures visible around the stimulus display (the visual

William Cooper, Laurie Vitt and Janalee Caldwell

- vation angle of attack. Frogs were predicted to escape more frequently when attacked from higher angles because a predator attacking from above on a trajectory leading directly to the prey is more likely to have detected and be attacking than a predator approaching directly, but horizontally. Frogs

Teresa Yeh, Jayme Bethel, Robert Post and Meagan O'Malley

differences on the vertical line bisection task were compared to individual differences on another task to evaluate whether the tasks were systematically related. In the first experiment, VBEs were found not to correlate with horizontal line bisection errors (HBEs). In the second experiment, VBEs were found

Mark A. Paulissen

served as hand grips (bottom panel). The direction the chaser was moved is indicated by the arrow. The lizard ‘escaped’ under one of the two flat cardboard retreats: either the one backed by the vertical striped cue card or the one backed by the horizontal striped cue card. Prior to the first trial, one

J.R. Parriss

INTERFERENCE IN LEARNING IN OCTOPUS VULGARIS by J. R. PARRISS1) (Department of Anatomy, University College, London, U.K.) (With 3 Figures) (Rec. 5-VI-1963) INTRODUCTION SUTHERLAND ( I957, I960) has shown that octopuses analyse the horizontal and vertical ratios of shapes in order to perform

Damien Wright and Marco Bertamini

static were the most preferred transformations, whilst rotation and horizontal shear were the least preferred. For the random patterns, expansion and rotation were the most preferred, with horizontal translation and static being the least. The length of presentation time did not have a significant effect