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Umbricht, Victor H.

This chapter is part of: Principles of international mediation : the case of the East African Community (Volume 187) Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law (Volume 187) Publication Editor: Hague Academy of International Law Volume: 187 Brill | Nijhoff, Leiden | Boston, 1984

Alemu, Fanta Abreham

In the traditional patriarchal Muslim societies of East Africa, the position and status of women is lower than that of their male counterparts. Women in these societies assume marginalized positions in every sphere of life: social, economic, and political. Until marriage, they are under the control

Abdullahi, Mohamed Diriye

East African Cushitic societies are historically pastoralists, patrilineal, and clan-based. They share a world-view where the individual's interests are secondary and subject to those of the group and where social practices and rites are well integrated into the larger community. Cushitic peoples

Carl Brockelmann

that of other sects did, it is only extant from the eleventh century, and it is unlikely that their colony in East Africa could have seen any literary activity much before that time. The Muslims who p...

Schulz, Ute

Tourism in East Africa is an important industry giving women a significant potential to earn a living offering services and goods to holidaymakers. While in the formal tourism business the workforce is mainly male, the informal tourism sector, especially the service job market, is an important

Samsom, Ridder H.

Swahili poetry poetry poetry, in its many and various forms and genres, is at the heart of this urban and multi-ethnic, maritime, mercantile, literate, and Islamic East African culture. Swahili poetry poetry poetry is not only a regular feature found in almost all Swahili newspapers; there is

Svetlana Gaidashova, Dirk De Waele, Carine Dochez, Bruno Delvaux and Piet van Asten

Nematology , 2010, Vol. 12(3), 349-356 Impact of the root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus goodeyi and mulch on the East African Highland banana crop performance in Kibuye, Western Rwanda Svetlana V. G AIDASHOVA 1 , 2 , ∗ , Piet J.A. VAN A STEN 3 , Carine D OCHEZ 3 , Bruno D ELVAUX 2 and Dirk D E W

Ally Possi

Human rights in Africa are under the microscope of regional and subregional mechanisms. The regional mechanism is under the auspices of the African Union (AU), in which human rights come under the scrutiny of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. Sub-regional organizations, established as Regional Economic Communities (RECs), have recently developed their own jurisprudence in promoting and protecting human rights in Africa through their legally constituted institutions. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the East African Community (EAC) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have emerged as front runners in realizing human rights in Africa. The principles governing the operations of the EAC in meeting its objectives include the promotion and protection of human rights. The EAC has established the East African Court of Justice (EACJ), tasked with interpreting and ensuring the application of the EAC Treaty. This article pinpoints key challenges that the EACJ is currently encountering and tries to find possible solutions which can improve the functioning of the EACJ to effectively protect human rights in the Community.

Mary E. Prendergast, Luis Luque, Manuel Domínguez-Rodrigo, Fernando Diez-Martín, Audax Z.P. Mabulla and Rebeca Barba

Mumba Rockshelter in northern Tanzania presents one of the richest and most complete archaeological sequences in East Africa for the Middle Stone Age through the Iron Age. Past excavations of the shelter revealed an extremely rich lithic and faunal assemblage, but were problematic, either because of poor excavation and recording methods (in the 1930s), or because the materials were never fully studied (in the 1979/1981 excavations). In both cases, excavators had concluded that the shelter contained a deposit without visible separation between archaeological levels. Re-excavation of Mumba, using modern techniques for recording spatial data, show that the previous geological and archaeological sub-divisions of the shelter deposits need much revision. The results of the excavation have implications for the interpretation of the “transitional” Mumba Industry in the Pleistocene levels and for the co-occurrence of ceramic traditions in the Holocene levels.

A.G. Whitehead

THE ROOT-KNOT NEMATODES OF EAST AFRICA 1. MELOIDOGYNE AFRICANA N. SP., A PARASITE OF ARABICA COFFEE (COFFEA ARABICA L.) BY A. G. WHITEHEAD East African Agriculture and Forestry Research Organisation, Kenya, Africa Root-knot nematodes (species of Meloidogyne Goeldi, 1887 (emend. Allen, 1952