leaders, and put them in detention without trial. The Kikuyu Karing’a leadership was accused of being the organizers of Mau Mau [The Oath]. The Mau Mau were the people who vowed and were committed by oath to fight the whites, although they had no fighter planes and other modern arms like guns and bombs

In: Journal of Religion in Africa

split between the older and the younger generations of the nationalists over strategies, and the latter subsequently formed the "Land and Freedom Army" - the Mau Mau; and among the Mau Mau themselves, there were various complimentary strands of articulating the militant anti-colonial ideology. There

In: Journal of Asian and African Studies

Mau Mau movement grew in opposition both to the colonial regime and to the presence of white settlers who had gained possession of large tracts of Kikuyu land (Kanogo 1987; Throup 1987; Presley 1988; Bates 1989). The responses of these women to my questions about their sexuality reveal a great variety

In: Journal of Asian and African Studies

, religion, and supposedly superior style of life. This is not to say that Kenyans did not resist the imposition of colonial rule. After all, this is what the Mau Mau war was all about. But the Land and Freedom Army only got organized after World War II, after Africans came back from serving as British

In: Perspectives on Global Development and Technology

of the morally inquisitorial issues of racial hostil- ity and the ‘Mau Mau’ civil war. There is ambivalence here, as one would expect. But there is also an extraordinary straightness of both behaviour and judgment, as Muhoro cleaves to what he conceives as the harsh but, in the end, liberating

In: Journal of Religion in Africa

of female circumcision. Although most returned to the missions, many remained in the newly-formed independent schools. These schools politicized a portion of the Kikuyu population which became, at the very least, sympathetic to indigenous political movements. Hence with the Mau Mau rebellion, in the

In: Journal of Asian and African Studies

Mau Mau rebellion. Ngũgĩ’s proposed solution to the ills of colonialism has included a completely socialised economy, collectively owned and controlled by the people. 3 Referring to the difference between novel-writing and essay-writing, Ngũgĩ has characterised the former as immersing the writer in

In: Historical Materialism

available information indicates that similar systems of "justice" against collaborators were utilized by other underground groups under similar conditions. Hence, this type of system was utilized by the French resistance during World War II (the Maquis) and by the Kenyan Kikuyu Mau Mau. One con- servative

In: International Journal of Comparative Sociology

some ways the Essenes resembled a secret society, and secret societies, such as the Mau Mau of today, are not in the habit of referring to established governments their decisions for life and death.' But while the Essenes constituted an unorthodox religious sect, it seems very rash to compare them with

In: Vigiliae Christianae

2011. 11 In particular, this approach has greatly enriched our understanding of past conflicts such as the Mau Mau Uprising which had been treated very differently by military historians of an earlier generation. 12 Colonial “rebels” such as the Herero of German South West Africa are

In: Journal of African Military History