Paul V.R. Snelgrove and Anna Metaxas

intertidal, Oregon, United States. Photo credits: A, C, F (P. Snelgrove); B, D (A. Metaxas); E (R. Gregory). Sandflats and mudflats are generally the least productive sedimented habitats. Nonetheless, their invertebrate fauna such as mud shrimp (amphipods) support migratory seabirds and other transient

The World Ocean in Globalisation

Climate Change, Sustainable Fisheries, Biodiversity, Shipping, Regional Issues

Edited by Davor Vidas and Peter Johan Schei

Have we already entered a new epoch, the Anthropocene, dominated by the impact of human activities? What of the effects of increasing globalisation on the seas? Thirty-three experts on marine affairs and the law of the sea examine the emerging challenges for the World Ocean, inquiring into developments prompted by globalisation in central issue-areas of the law of the sea. These are explored systematically in sections on the key challenges and developments in the interface of science, economic uses and law (Part I); climate change and the oceans (Part II); sustainability of fisheries (Part III); challenges and responses related to global maritime transport (Part IV); and the regulatory responses to global challenges in seas surrounding Europe (Part V).

The Law of the Sea and the Polar Regions

Interactions between Global and Regional Regimes

Series:

Edited by Erik J. Molenaar, Alex G. Oude Elferink and Donald R. Rothwell

The Law of the Sea and the Polar Regions: Interactions between Global and Regional Regimes analyzes of the contemporary law of the sea and related areas of international law in Antarctica and the Arctic, with a particular focus upon the interaction of global and regional regimes.

The global component of the international law of the sea - principally the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea - applies to the entire marine domain in both polar regions but explicitly requires regional implementation or acknowledges its usefulness. This volume critically examines regional regimes for the Arctic and Antarctic on science, maritime security, fisheries and shipping by means of common research questions; thus enabling an overall synthesis and identification of trends, differences and similarities.

Derek Hopwood

the darkness ' Mastering the blue, darting on wings of light." "It divulged its secret, yet breathed not a word". The poet is convinced that even in the depths of winter seeds are growing and that all things change. Finally, addressing the bird, she realizes that it bears good news: "Bird, my seabird

Martijn Hammers and Lyanne Brouwer

are very difficult to remove (Figure 1). While predominantly ground-nesting seabirds (their long-distance seed dispersal vector; Walker, 1991 ) become entangled in Pisonia seeds, passerines might also risk entanglement (Burger, 2005 ), especially when they spend some time on the ground (where most

Kristina M. Gjerde

non-migratory species such as the orange roughy (and their seamount habitats) unprotected. By addressing only fishing activities, it leaves untouched the problem of pollution and habitat degradation threatening whales, seabirds and other species caused by high seas activities such as shipping

Alain Fonteneau, Pilar Pallares, John Sibert and Ziro Suzuki

fishing conducted at temperate latitude and targeting both tuna and bottom species occasionally yields large catches of seabirds such as albatrosses, particularly when sets are made during the day. The estimated average catch rate is less than 1-bird/ 1000 hooks in the area inhabited by albatrosses. This

Rosana Paredes, Daryl J. Boness and Ian L. Jones

departure. We propose that the patterns of parental roles found between sexes is the result of a chain of events favouring male involvement in chick brooding and care at sea. Keywords : parental care, seabird, alcid, chick provisioning, foraging trips, parental roles, sex. Introduction Decision-making about

Series:

André Tahindro

) ; the International Plan of Action for Conservation and Management of Sharks ( ipoa -Sharks) ; the International Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries ( ipoa -Seabirds) ; the International Guidelines for the Management of Deep-Sea Fisheries in the High Seas

Series:

Robin Warner

fishing data, inspections in port and at sea, transhipments, a Vessel Monitoring System, an IUU List, vessels without nationality, minimising the bycatch of seabirds and establishing a compliance and monitoring scheme. 48 It has also begun to establish formal and informal links with other RFMO s in