Roger Griffin and Rita Almeida de Carvalho

The three articles that follow are the second part of a special issue of Fascism devoted to case studies in ‘Latin’ architecture in the fascist era, the first part of which was published in volume 7 (2018), no. 1. 1 The project originated in the initiative of Rita Almeida de Carvalho

Roger Griffin

Fascism: a signifier without a signified? In 1979 the American Historical Review published Gilbert Allardyce’s essay ‘What fascism is not. Thoughts on the deflation of a concept.’ 1 Yet its pronouncement of the death of ‘fascism’ as a generic concept has proved greatly exaggerated. Over

Maria Sophia Quine

literature about both Italian and ‘generic’ fascism. In fascist studies, a tendency to see an apparent exceptionalism in Nazism has experienced resurgence in recent years at the same time that the theory of ‘totalitarianism’ has returned in a new post-Cold War format. 5 One of the singular features of

Tamir Bar-On

Aleksandr Dugin (b. 1962) is viewed today as one of the greatest proponents of Russian expansionism, ultra-nationalism, fascism, and Eurasianism (i.e., a European-Asian alliance against the neo-liberal USA) along imperial lines. 7 Dugin is close to the National Bolshevik Party and Eurasia Movement, which

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Mark Pittaway

Edited by Adam Fabry

From the Vanguard to the Margins is dedicated to the work of the late British historian, Dr Mark Pittaway (1971-2010), a prominent scholar of post-war and contemporary Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). Breaking with orthodox readings on Eastern bloc regimes, which remain wedded to the 'totalitarianism' paradigm of the Cold War era, the essays in this volume shed light on the contradictory historical and social trajectory of 'real socialism' in the region.

Mainstream historiography has presented Stalinist parties as 'omnipotent', effectively stripping workers and society in general of its 'relative autonomy'. Building on an impressive amount of archive material, Pittaway convincingly shows how dynamics of class, gender, skill level, and rural versus urban location, shaped politics in the period. The volume also offers novel insights on historical and sociological roots of fascism in Hungary and the politics of legitimacy in the Austro-Hungarian borderlands.

Oula Silvennoinen

was referring to had gotten its name from Lapua, a town in southern Bothnia in the west of the country. The town became the spiritual home to a movement openly admiring Italian Fascism and proclaiming to be about protecting ‘home, religion and fatherland’. At the same time, hoped Kilpinen and many

Anti-Fascism

Late-Stage Capitalism and the Pedagogical Resurgence of Anti-Fascism

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Colin Jenkins

born to serve as conduits to the rapid upward flow of profit—and has begun to construct a wall against the spread of fascism that is inevitable with late-stage capitalism, as well as a battering ram that seeks to bring this system to its knees once and for all. Capitalism’s Destructive Path Humanity

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Daniela Spenser

Lombardo Toledano painted fascism with a broad brush. Everything and everyone fit into his definition. Those who opposed the labour movement were fascists; those who were against the government of President Lázaro Cárdenas and the candidacy of General Manuel Ávila Camacho were as well. Racism was

Martin Kristoffer Hamre

influenced by Italian Fascism and German National Socialism. Previous research on the foundation of the NS and its early years, conducted almost exclusively by Norwegian historians, primarily focused on the internal, domestic development of the NS. 5 Most historians have classified the NS as fascist

Eros and Revolution

The Critical Philosophy of Herbert Marcuse

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Javier Sethness Castro

In Eros and Revolution, Javier Sethness Castro presents a comprehensive intellectual and political biography of the world-renowned critical theorist Herbert Marcuse (1898-1979). Investigating the origins and development of Marcuse's dialectical approach vis-à-vis Hegel, Marx, Fourier, Heidegger, and Freud as well as the central figures of the Frankfurt School—Horkheimer, Adorno, Neumann, Fromm, and Benjamin—Sethness Castro chronicles the radical philosopher's lifelong activism in favor of anti-capitalism, anti-fascism, and anti-authoritarianism together with Marcuse's defiant revindication of global libertarian-socialist revolution as the precondition for the realization of reason, freedom, and human happiness. Beyond examining Marcuse's revolutionary life and contributions, moreover, the author contemplates the philosopher's relevance to contemporary struggle, especially with regard to ecology, feminism, anarchism, and the general cause of worldwide social transformation.