[English version] Das röm. (private) D.-Recht lebt, wie das röm. Privatrecht generell, in der frühen Neuzeit als gemeines Recht (ius commune) fort und wird erst von den mitteleurop. Kodifikationen des 18. und 19. Jh. abgelöst. Es hat das mod. Haftungsrecht v.a. im Bereich der schuldhaften
Schröder, Jan (Tübingen) RWG
Ranieri, Filippo (Saarbrücken RWG)
[English version] The rules, principles and legal figures of Roman debt law had moulded the continental European ius commune since the rebirth of legal instruction in the law schools of the Glossators. It was precisely the Justinian sources of the Roman Law of Obligations that stood in the centre
[English version] Regeln, Prinzipien und Rechtsfiguren des röm. Sch. prägen seit der Wiedergeburt eines Rechtsunterrichts in der Rechtsschule der Glossatoren das kontinentaleurop. ius commune. Gerade die Justinianischen Quellen zum röm. Obligationenrecht stehen im Zentrum der praktischen Rezeption
Häberlein, Mark, Keazor, Henry and Tschopp, Silvia Serena
1.1 Criminal aspects The theory of criminal law and legislation of European states in the early modern era defined and sanctioned crimes of counterfeiting in very different ways. In German criminal-law theory from the 16th to the 19th century, the application of Roman law (Ius commune) was of
texts influenced by Roman law from the age of ius commune, which is called the era of Gemeines Recht in German terminology (13th–17th century). Legisprudence investigates the phenomenon from a histori...
The Lotharian Legend is an early modern theory that explained the validity of Roman law (Ius commune) in Germany. It claimed that, in 1137, Emperor Lothair III of Supplinburg had decreed by law that Roman law was applicable in the Holy Roman Empire. The Lotharian Legend emerged against the
In early modern ius commune the term iniuria (“insult, injury”) covered a wide range of offenses ranging from violent crime to insults to one’s honor. Iniuria included harming a person by means of verbal and physical injury (in German, Verbalinjurie and Realinjurie) as well as insults in writing or
1.1. From the early modern period to the 18th century The reception of Roman ius commune triggered a comprehensive professionalization of the legal professions in continental Europe. Medieval lay judges (in Germany, Schöffen) were increasingly supplanted by (university) educated jurists. The
A lawsuit occurs when a plaintiff initiates legal proceedings before a court of law seeking recourse against a defendant. In connection with the spread of scholarly Roman law across Europe (Ius commune), lawsuits were increasingly formalized and refined as remedies according to civil procedure. In
Czeguhn, Ignacio and Müßig, Ulrike
untrained judges to decide disputes remained important in the Anglo-American legal world (cf. Common law), the reception of ius commune and the rise of the enlightened-absolutist bureaucratic state in Contin...