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Harrison, Peter

Wilkins published works supportive of the Copernican hypothesis (N. Copernicus), and was active during the 1640s in R. Boyle’s Invisible College, a precursor to the Royal Society. Wilkins went on to pla...

Recki, Birgit

takes place through a theory of linguistic and symbolic action: in the transcendental philosophy of I. Kant with its “Copernican revolution,” the question of the a priori conditions that make experience...

Lehmann-Brauns, Sicco

the first reflection of the Copernican revolution in philosophy effected in Kant’s Kritik. This revolution consisted in the assertion that the phenomenal world was dependent on the constitutional powers...

The Making of Copernicus

Early Modern Transformations of a Scientist and his Science

Series:

Edited by Wolfgang Neuber, Claus Zittel and Thomas Rahn

All those interested in Copernicus, transformation of images, application of metaphors, history of science,

Die frühneuzeitlichen Bestände des Archivs der Glaubenskongregation

Wesentliche Aspekte ihrer Geschichte und Forschungsperspektiven

Series:

Francesco Beretta

Im ersten Teil dieses Beitrages geht es darum, die in den Archiven der Kongregationen des Sanctum Officium und des Index im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert vorhandenen Bestände zu beschreiben. Im Anschluss wird der Prozess rekonstruiert, der zur völligen Neustrukturierung des Archivs der Inquisition in den letzten Jahrzehnten des 18. Jahrhunderts und in den ersten des 19. Jahrhun­derts führte. Dabei wurde die damals sehr umfangreiche Serie der Prozesse weitgehend zerstört und neue Sammelserien zur Lehre und kirchlichen Disziplin erstellt und aufbewahrt, die heutzutage den Kernbestand des Archivmaterials aus dem Ancien régime darstellen. Im zweiten Teil werden einige wesentliche Etappen der Entwicklung durchgegangen, die zur Aufhebung und Zurücknahme der Verurteilung der kopernikanischen Lehre (1616) und des Dialogo von Galileo Galilei (1633) führtenz Hierzu werden einige Aktenbündel benutzt, die es ermöglichen, die Typologie der im ersten Teil des Beitrags vorgestellten Quellen konkret zu erlautern.

Nella prima parte di questa relazione è descritto il patrimonio dell’Archivio della Congregazione del Sant’Uffizio e dell’Indice nel Seicento e nel Settecento. Poi sarà ricostruito il processo, che finalmente menó ad una strutturazione completamente nuova dell’Archivio dell’Inquisizione nei decenni finali del Settecento e nei primi decenni dell’Ottocento. In questo contesto fu distrutta la serie di processi, allora abbastanza ampia, e nuove serie di collezioni per la dottrina e la disciplina ecclesiastica furono compilati e custoditi, che oggigiorno costituiscono il patrimonio centrale dei documenti archiviati dell’Ancien régime. Nella seconda parte sono trattate alcune tappe importanti dell’evoluzione che finalmente menò alla sospensione e alla ritrazione della condanna della dottrina copernicana (1616) e del Dialogo di Galileo Galilei (1633). A ciò sono usati alcuni incartamenti di documenti, che permettono di spiegare la tipologia specifica dei fonti introdotti nella prima parte della relazione.

The first part of the contribution describes the fonds of the archives of the Congregation of the Sanctum Officium and the Index Congregation in the seventeenth and eighteenth century. It, then, tries to reconstruct the process, during which the archive of the Inquisition has been completely restructured at the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century. During that process, an extensive series of law suit files has been almost exclusively destroyed; newly arranged series related to Christian doctrine and church discipline took their place, which nowadays belong to the key fonds of the Ancien régime. In the second part some of the principal developments are taken into examination, during which the verdicts against the Copernican concept (1616) and the Dialogo of Galileo Galilei (1633) were revoked and taken back. For that purpose, the author analyses selected fascicles which enable us to explain more in detail the typology of sources developed in the first part of this article.

Argante Ciocci

’s works – which are extremely technical, detailed, and copious – is lacking. Generally speaking, historians have been inclined to describe Riccioli in different ways: sometimes he is portrayed as an intelligent Copernican; more often as a Copernican in disguise, unable to profess his political and

Patrick J. Boner

world picture seemingly in contradiction with Copernican principles? Claiming that “the Holy Spirit conformed to the intellectual capabilities of the common and uneducated peoples of biblical times,” Galileo reinforced biblical exegesis with the findings of natural philosophy, including “compelling

Robert Romanyshyn

the objections of immediate sense experience which some of the leading scientists of the age formulated against Copernican astronomy. It was Galileo who shaped part of the answer to these objections when he said that "the book of nature is written in geometrical characters (Koyr6, 1943, p. 336)." This

Neusner, Jacob

science, any more than their contemporary continuators can plausibly reject the laws of gravity or Copernican astronomy. But sages took up a distinctive position on astrology, one consistent with their theology of holy Israel. Specifically, sages took for granted astrology governed the gentiles, and, true

Rienk Vermij

’s argument is detailed and elaborate. In the first part, on the first affair, he first explains the geostatic world view, Copernicus’ innovation, and the reactions it elicited. Next, he analyses the development of Galileo’s position on the Copernican question, from indirect pursuit before 1609 to practical or