Klaus-Peter Adam

described with skl “to act foolishly” 1 Sam 26:21b. Also, Qohelet’s royal travesty in Eccl 1:12-2:26 alludes to this notion of Saul as a tragic king who acts foolishly (skl). He is contrasted with his glorious opponent David who succeeds (śkl) in all his endeavours. Keywords 1 Sam 26, tragedy, heroism

Part of 15 Qohelet 15.2.1 Ancient Manuscript Evidence15.2.2 Masoretic Texts and Ancient Texts Close to mt15.2.3 Other Texts...

Armin Lange

Part of 15 Qohelet - 15.2 Ancient Hebrew Texts The only complete witness to the Hebrew text of Qohelet from antiquity is the consonantal text of mt-Qoh (15.2.2; for the most important medieval Qohelet manuscripts, see Two ancient fragmentary Qohelet manuscripts were found in the Qumran

Armin Lange

Part of 15 Qohelet - 15.2 Ancient Hebrew Texts The only complete Hebrew text of Qohelet is mt-Qoh. It is also the only textual witness to the (proto-)Masoretic text of Qohelet. The two Qumran manuscripts 4QQoha and 4QQohb attest only to small portions of the book and are non-aligned in character

Part of 12 Proverbs - 12.4 Secondary Translations See 11.4.4 Job, Proverbs, Canticles, and Qohelet in Late Syriac Translations [Job ‪>‬ Secondary Translations]....

The Politics of Pessimism in Ecclesiastes

A Social-Science Perspective


Mark R. Sneed

Scholars attempt to resolve the problem of the book of Ecclesiastes’ heterodox character in one of two ways, either explaining away the book’s disturbing qualities or radicalizing and championing it as a precursor of modern existentialism. This volume offers an interpretation of Ecclesiastes that both acknowledges the unorthodox nature of Qoheleth’s words and accounts for its acceptance among the canonical books of the Hebrew Bible. It argues that, instead of being the most secular and modern of biblical books, Ecclesiastes is perhaps one of the most religious and primitive. Bringing a Weberian approach to Ecclesiastes, it represents a paradigm of the application of a social-science methodology.


Jimyung Kim

We explored Qohelet’s contradictory utterances in Ecclesiastes. It was, indeed, an “exploration” in a jungle, where many readers have visited and from which they have returned with a plurality of observations. Most scholars in the past tried to see a coherent Qohelet under the spirit of modernism