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Zev Handel

In the more than 3,000 years since its invention, the Chinese script has been adapted many times to write languages other than Chinese, including Korean, Vietnamese, Japanese, and Zhuang. In Sinography: The Borrowing and Adaptation of the Chinese Script, Zev Handel provides a comprehensive analysis of how the structural features of these languages constrained and motivated methods of script adaptation. This comparative study reveals the universal principles at work in the borrowing of logographic scripts. By analyzing and explaining these principles, Handel advances our understanding of how early writing systems have functioned and spread, providing a new framework that can be applied to the history of scripts beyond East Asia, such as Sumerian and Akkadian cuneiform.

Oehme Annegret

. What might seem like an insignificant difference is in fact of major importance. This change of emphasis alters the entire narrative intention of the text and underscores the adaptation’s dramatic repurposing of the source material. Indeed, it is not simply that the Magelene ends by focusing on a

Spatial Vision , Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 1 – 3 (2002) Ó VSP 2002. Also available online - Preface Visual adaptation Visual adaptation is an exciting property of visual processes: ‘many sensory neurones do it’, but we are not entirely sure ‘why they do it’. Early researchers were

Peta F. Mills, M. C. (Marieke) van der Steen, Benjamin G. Schultz and Peter E. Keller

-Silver & Keller, 2012 ). Two core processes that musicians employ to successfully synchronize are temporal anticipation and adaptation ( Keller, 2008, 2014 ). Musicians must continuously make predictions about upcoming sounds and movements while also adapting their movements in response to previous timing


Peter Beicken

Anna Seghers’s 1942 novel The Seventh Cross and Fred Zinnemann’s 1944 adaptation both depict crucial historical developments in Nazi Germany. However, their artistic strategies diverge, beyond the inevitable differences created by adapting a novel into film. In a novel of narrative simultaneity


Catriona Firth

For decades postwar Austrian literature has been measured against and moulded into a series of generic categories and grand cultural narratives, from nostalgic ‘restoration’ literature of the 1950s through the socially critical ‘anti- Heimat’ novel to recent literary reckonings with Austria’s Nazi past. Peering through the lens of film adaptation, this book rattles the generic shackles imposed by literary history and provides an entirely new critical perspective on Austrian literature. Its original methodological approach challenges the primacy of written sources in existing scholarship and uses the distortions generated by the shift in medium as a productive starting point for literary analysis. Five case studies approach canonical texts in post-war Austrian literature by Gerhard Fritsch, Franz Innerhofer, Gerhard Roth, Elfriede Jelinek, and Robert Schindel, through close readings of their cinematic adaptations, concentrating on key areas of narratological concern: plot, narrative perspective, authorship, and post-modern ontologies. Setting the texts within the historical, cultural and political discourses that define the ‘Alpine Republic’, this study investigates fundamental aspects of Austrian national identity, such as its Habsburg and National Socialist legacies.

Cezary Mik

, the League of Nations faced many challenges. Many attempts were made to deal with these. Some remained proposals, others ultimately took the shape of the League’s reforms and adaptations. In this context it might be interesting to consider in what sense the League possessed a capacity for reform and

Jianying Bai, Xin He, Yi Jiang, Tao Zhang and Min Bao

Wiese, 2008). However, recent studies argue that the MAE can also be anchored in spatiotopic (Mikellidou et al ., 2017; Turi and Burr, 2012) and hand-centered coordinates (Matsumiya and Shioiri, 2014). In the spatiotopic MAE (aka ‘positional MAE’ or ‘PMAE’), adaptation to motion within a window

Anne-Kristin Römpke

. For that, cross-cultural adaptations of measurement instruments are indispensable. The Pet Attitude Scale ( PAS ) from Templer, Salter, Baldwin, Dickey, and Veleber (1981) is a scale often used in English-speaking AAI research (e.g., Morgan, 2009) to assess attitude towards companion animals. It has

Jorge M. Valadez

In this chapter I defend an ecological conception of justice obligations that is expansive and synoptic in its normative scope. This ecological conception systematically integrates our justice obligations in the social and natural domains by relying on an overarching view of justice, according to which obligations to entities with moral status are understood in terms of safeguarding their capacity for adaptation to social and/or natural environments conducive to their flourishing. An innovative feature of my theory is that it incorporates major social justice developments in political philosophy into a unified moral framework that can also deal adequately with justice obligations to the natural world. On the one hand, while recognising that we have cosmopolitan obligations to all human beings, I maintain that institutional environments such as political communities are essential for identifying the special obligations we have to fellow members of our communities. Adopting a social ecology approach, entitlements and protections of central importance to theories of social justice are justified in terms of their role in creating sustainable social and natural environments conducive to collective adaptation. On the other hand, recognising that moral consciousness developed from evolutionary processes that contributed to the adaptation of humans to their natural environment, I argue that a proper extension and understanding of morality and justice involve protecting the capacity of all beings with moral status, and not only humans, to flourish through successful adaptation. In short, principles of justice are understood as normative prescriptions promoting mutual survival and flourishing within a coevolutionary perspective. Finally, acknowledging that conflicting obligations are inevitable when implementing the conception of justice I propose, I employ the notion of degrees of intrinsic value to indicate how to prioritise our obligations to entities with moral status.