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Biblical Translation in Chinese and Greek

Verbal Aspect in Theory and Practice


Toshikazu Foley

This study integrates three independent subjects—translation theory, Mandarin aspect, and Greek aspect—for the purpose of formulating a working theory applicable to translating the Bible. The primary objectives are defined in terms of grammatical translation of Greek aspect into Mandarin aspect at the discourse level. A historical overview of the Chinese Bible is provided as a way of introducing major translation issues related to linguistic, conceptual, and logistical challenges. The proposed theory provides the translator with a powerful tool, which is tested in two sample passages from John 18–19 and 1 Corinthians 15. Provided, also, are critical reviews of over sixty Chinese Bible versions, Nestorian, Manichaean, Catholic documents, and a translation written according to the proposed theory.

Locations of Knowledge in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

Esoteric Discourse and Western Identities


Kocku von Stuckrad

One characteristic of European history of religion is a two-fold pluralism—a pluralism of religious identities on the one hand, and a pluralism of various societal systems that interact with religious systems on the other. Addressing discourses of perfect knowledge in Western culture between 1200 and 1800, this book integrates the study of Western esotericism in a larger analytical framework of European history of religion. Viewed from a structuralist perspective, ‘esoteric discourse’ provides an analytical framework that helps to reveal genealogies of modern identities in a pluralistic competition of knowledge. Experiential philosophy, kabbalah, astrology, Hermeticism, philology, and early modern science are linked to knowledge claims that shaped the way in which Western culture defined itself.

Discourse Analysis of Adult and Workplace Learning in Nurse Jackie

Exploring Learning Processes within a Knowledge Culture


Pamela Timanson and Theresa J. Schindel

James Morley

qualitative methods: Fred Wertz (phenomenological psychology), Kathy Charmaz (constructivist grounded theory), Linda M. McMullen (Discourse Analysis), Ruthellen Josselson, (narrative research), and Rosemarie Anderson (intuitive inquiry). All five research approaches were responding to reductionism and the

The Structure of Written Communication

Studies in Reciprocity between Writers and Readers

Martin Nystrand

This book transcends current research on writing by relating written text to the cognitive and social processes that create and change it. It includes key features such as: reciprocity as a principle of discourse; language development as socialization; context, explicitness, genre, topic, and comment as concepts in discourse analysis; and writing and reading as social processes.