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Pieter J.J. Botha and Johannes N. Vorster

RELIGIOUS TOPOI AND SOUTH AFRICA'S TRUTH AND RECONCILIATION COMMISSION JOHANNES N VORSTER PIETER J J BOTHA Abstract The role of religious language in the activities of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission is analysed in this study. The (Christian) religious rhetoric is a limiting factor with

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Jacobus Kok

In New Perspectives on Healing, Restoration and Reconciliation in John, Jacobus (Kobus) Kok investigates the depth and applicability of Jesus’ healing narratives in John’s gospel. Against the background of an ancient group-oriented worldview, it goes beyond the impasse of most Western approaches to interpreting the Biblical healing narratives to date.

He argues that the concept of healing was understood in antiquity (as in some parts of Africa) in a much broader way than we tend to understand it today. He shows inter alia why the interaction between Jesus and the Samaritan woman could be interpreted as a healing narrative, illustrating the ancient interrelationship between healing, restoration and reconciliation.

Hans C. Veenema, Jan A.R.A.M. Van Hooff, Filippo Aureli and Carel J. Van Panthaleon Van Eck

RECONCILIATION, CONSOLATION, AND REDIRECTION IN JAPANESE MACAQUES (MACACA FUSCATA) by FILIPPO AURELI, HANS C. VEENEMA, CAREL J. VAN PANTHALEON VAN ECK, and JAN A. R. A. M. VAN HOOFF1) (Ethology and Socio-ecology, University of Utrecht, P.O. Box 80086, 3508 TB Utrecht, The Netherlands) (With 5

Francis Machingura

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/157254310X537016 Exchange 39 (2010) 331-354 brill.nl/exch The Reading & Interpretation of Matthew 18:21-22 in Relation to Multiple Reconciliations: The Zimbabwean Experience Francis Machingura PhD Student at the Otto-Friedrich University

John Ishiyama and Jeremy Backstrom

the period immediately after the end of the civil conflict that followed the closely contested presidential and parliamentary elections of December 2007. Using a framework derived from political psychology and political communication can assist in identifying the process of reconciliation

Ahmed Hassin

Since the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, this country has witnessed an unprecedented sectarian atmosphere. The newly installed political system by the US has institutionalised the ethno-sectarian nature of the political ‘democratic’ scene and the influx of al-Qaida and other militia was exacerbating the violent context. The post-invasion formed State apparatus has been crippled and not been capable of taking control, enforcing law, restoring order and establishing sustainable reconciliation. Within this context, tribes have emerged as a powerful disciplinary social structure that is capable of conflict management and national reconciliation. Based on empirical data collected from Iraq, this chapter discusses the roles of Iraqi tribes in peaceful reconciliation processes. It further engages with the tribal discourses and communication methods used in this process to contribute to bringing stability to the country. Tribes have applied different modes of communications and methods of conflict management at the individual, communal and national level.

Wilhelm J. Verwoerd

TOWARD THE TRUTH ABOUT THE TRC: A RESPONSE TO KEY MORAL CRITICISMS OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN TRUTH AND RECONCILIATION COMMISSION WILHELM J VERWOERD1 Abstract In this article the 'genre' of the TRC Report is clarified in order to answer some of the criticisms of the TRC. It is argued that the TRC

Matteo Crippa

1. Introduction In its groundbreaking report on the rule of law and transitional justice in post-conflict situations, the United Nations (‘UN’) discussed the efficiency of models similar to that now proposed to address Burundi’s struggle for justice and reconciliation, assessing the role and

David H. Pereyra

The Church’s theology of forgiveness is situated within a vision of the world marked by disintegration and divisions. How the faithful are able to experience forgiveness depends on how they perceive the impact of sacramental reconciliation. In 1983, the Synod of Bishops developed propositions on how the Church could respond to its contemporary reconciling mission through a renewed practice of Penance and Reconciliation. Almost twenty years have passed and the number of people going to confession continues to decrease. This chapter will discuss what future, if any, the sacrament of Penance has in the life of the Roman Catholic Church. In Western culture, our relationship with the ‘transcendental other’ has always been a cause of crisis, stretching and shattering the symbols through which people struggle to express faith, forcing them to find new ones. Forgiveness and grace are not experienced directly in the sacrament, as it is celebrated. This possible lack of experienced reconciliation, together with other factors, has influenced the decline of confessions. I will analyse which ritual activities can confront this crisis. Attention will be paid to ontological, phenomenological, and cultural aspects of the ritual of reconciliation. I will look closely at the theology that flows in the celebration of the sacrament. This analysis will include a reflection on the actual experience in order to point out both strengths and inadequacies of the ritual. Question will include: How do liturgical actions help the faithful take hold of this mystery-laden myth? What kind of ritual is needed for forgiveness and reconciliation? What is the role of body language? The experience of confession is not an easy task for many believers, nevertheless, this ritual has the attraction for the faithful of being a mysterium tremendum et fascinans.

Christine E. Webb and Peter Verbeek

unexplored. In particular, conflict and post-conflict behaviours represent a social domain in which stable individual or ‘personality’ differences have rarely been a focus. When it comes to research across species, this trend is particularly evident in reconciliation behaviour. Conflict, a pervasive and