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The Italian Reformation Outside Italy

Francesco Pucci's Heresy in Sixteenth-Century Europe

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Giorgio Caravale

What was the legacy of the so-called Italian Reformation? What contribution did Italian humanism make to European developments in irenicism and religious tolerance? In The Italian Reformation outside Italy, Giorgio Caravale uses previously unpublished documents to reconstruct the life and intellectual career of Francesco Pucci (1543-1597). Educated in Renaissance Florence, Pucci found his vocation as a prophet in France during the Wars of Religion and embarked on a long period of peregrination, stopping off in Paris, London, Basle, Antwerp, Krakow and Prague before being imprisoned, tried and sentenced to death by the Roman Inquisition three years before Giordano Bruno. His doctrines were judged to be heretical by all religious confessions and his political proposal was a spectacular failure. Caravale presents a rich chapter of sixteenth-century European history whose main features are religious conflict, irenic tension, universalist aspirations and prophetic expectations.

The translation of this work has been funded by SEPS (SEGRETARIATO EUROPEO PER LE PUBBLICAZIONI SCIENTIFICHE), Via Val d'Aposa 7, I-40123 Bologna, Italy — seps@seps.it — www.seps.it

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Edited by Ronald K. Rittgers and Vincent Evener

Edited by Ronald K. Rittgers and Vincent Evener, Protestants and Mysticism in Reformation Europe offers an expansive view of the Protestant reception of medieval mysticism, from the beginnings of the Reformation through the mid-seventeenth century. Providing a foundation and impetus for future research, the chapters in this handbook cover diverse figures from across the Protestant traditions (Lutheran, Reformed, Radical), summarizing existing research, analysing relevant sources, and proposing new directions for study. Each chapter is authored by a leading scholar in the field. Collectively, Protestants and Mysticism in Reformation Europe calls for a comprehensive reassessment of the relationship of Protestantism to its medieval past, to Roman Catholicism, and to the enduring mystical element of Christianity.

Edited by Birte Platow and Dietrich Klein

Zauber des Orients, Karikatur des Propheten, Polemik gegen den Islam und die Muslime, Angst, Faszination, Neugier – der Streit um den Islam ist kein neues Phänomen unserer Zeit. Unterschiedliche, zum Teil kontradiktorische Wahrnehmungsbilder des Islam spielen in den Diskursen der Frühen Neuzeit eine zentrale Rolle, werden zunehmend als Motoren aufklärerischer Emanzipations- und Pluralisierungsprozesse erkannt. 'Wahrnehmung des Islam zwischen Reformation und Aufklärung' bietet ein Mosaik von Beiträgen zum frühneuzeitlichen Islamdiskurs zwischen Reformation und Aufklärung, und fragt in einem aktuellen, religionspsychologischen Teil nach strukturellen Verwandtschaften und Kontinuitäten auf den Islamdiskurs der Gegenwart hin.

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Paolo Astorri

Editorial-board Herman J. Selderhuis, Wim Deckock, Igor Kakolewski, Heiner Lück and Tarald Rasmussen

It is clear that the Lutheran Reformation greatly contributed to changes in theological and legal ideas – but what was the extent of its impact on the field of contract law? Legal historians have extensively studied the contract doctrines developed by Roman Catholic theologians and canonists; however, they have largely neglected Martin Luther, Philip Melanchthon, Johann Aepinus, Martin Chemnitz, Friedrich Balduin and many other reformers. This book focuses on those neglected voices of the Reformation, exploring their role in the history of contract law. These men mapped out general principles to counter commercial fraud and dictated norms to regulate standard economic transactions. The most learned jurists, such as Matthias Coler, Peter Heige, Benedict Carpzov, and Samuel Stryk, among others, studied these theological teachings and implemented them in legal tenets. Theologians and jurists thus cooperated in resolving contract law problems, especially those concerning interest and usury.

A Humanist in Reformation Politics

Philipp Melanchthon on Political Philosophy and Natural Law

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Mads L. Jensen

This book is the first contextual account of the political philosophy and natural law theory of the German reformer Philipp Melanchthon (1497-1560). Mads Langballe Jensen presents Melanchthon as a significant political thinker in his own right and an engaged scholar drawing on the intellectual arsenal of renaissance humanism to develop a new Protestant political philosophy. As such, he also shows how and why natural law theories first became integral to Protestant political thought in response to the political and religious conflicts of the Reformation. This study offers new, contextual studies of a wide range of Melanchthon's works including his early humanist orations, commentaries on Aristotle's ethics and politics, Melanchthon's own textbooks on moral and political philosophy, and polemical works.

Hadrian VI.

Ein deutscher Papst am Vorabend der Reformation

Markus Graulich

1459 in Utrecht geboren, das zum Gebiet des Heiligen Römischen Reich deutscher Nation gehörte, wurde Adrian Florensz 1522 in einer für die katholische Kirche höchst brisanten Epoche zum Papst gewählt. Sowohl die aufkeimende Reformation als auch die Bedrohung des Westens durch die islamischen Türken und innerkirchliche Widerstände ließen sein kurzes Pontifikat, das aus heutiger Sicht als Vorläufer einer pastoralen Auffassung des Petrusamtes betrachtet wird, zu seinen Lebzeiten wenig erfolgreich sein. Zum 450. Geburtstag Papst Hadrian VI. zeichnet diese Biografie die Stationen seines Lebens als Professor in Löwen, Erzieher und späterer Mitarbeiter Kaiser Karl V. und schließlich als Papst nach. Im Anhang findet sich der vollständige Text des berühmten Schuldbekenntnisses, das Hadrian vor dem Reichstag in Nürnberg ablegen ließ.

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Jennifer Helm


In Poetry and Censorship Jennifer Helm offers insight into motives and strategies of Counter-Reformation censorship of poetry in Italy. Materials of Roman censorial authorities reveal why the control of poetry and of its reception was crucial to Counter-Reformation cultural politics.
Censorship of poetry should enable the church to influence human inner life that ---from thought and belief to fantasy and feeling--- was evolving considerably at that time. The control of poetic genres and modes of writing played an important part here. Yet, to what extent censorship could affect poetic creation emerges from a manuscript of the Venetian poet Domenico Venier. The materials suggest the impact of Counter-Reformation censorship on poetry began earlier and was more extensive than has yet been propagated.

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Luca Baschera and Christian Moser

ENGLISH
Contrary to an old thesis, the dawning of the Reformation was not the end of Christian Aristotelianism. Rather, Protestants were again faced with the traditional question of the relationship between theology and philosophy. Peter Martyr Vermigli (1499-1562) counts as one of the authors who endeavored to interpret Aristotelian philosophy before the backdrop of Reformed theology. In addition to numerous exegetical and theological writings, this well respected theologian left behind a commentary on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, which is edited in the present volume. It not only evidences Vermigli’s intense engagement with the source material but also his struggle for an adequate understanding of the relationship between Aristotelian ethics and Protestant theology.

DEUTSCH
Entgegen einer althergebrachten These bedeutete der Durchbruch der Reformation nicht das Ende des christlichen Aristotelismus. Vielmehr stellte sich für Protestanten die traditionelle Frage nach dem Verhältnis zwischen Theologie und Philosophie wieder neu. Zu den Autoren, die sich um eine Deutung aristotelischer Philosophie vor dem Hintergrund reformierter Theologie bemühten, zählt Petrus Martyr Vermigli (1499-1562). Neben zahlreichen exegetischen und kontroverstheologischen Schriften hinterließ dieser zu seiner Zeit hochgeachtete Theologe auch einen Kommentar zur Nikomachischen Ethik des Aristoteles. Dieser Kommentar, welcher im vorliegenden Band in historisch-kritischer Edition herausgegeben wird, belegt nicht nur Vermiglis intensive Auseinandersetzung mit dem Quellentext, sondern auch sein Ringen um eine adäquate Verhältnisbestimmung von aristotelischer Ethik und protestantischer Theologie.

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Edited by Görres-Gesellschaft, Christiane Wiesenfeldt and Stefan Menzel

Das Reformationsjubiläum im Jahr 2017 ging mit einer ‚kulturellen Wende‘ in der Forschung einher. Musik, Literatur, Kunst, Alltags- und Frömmigkeitskultur werden mit wachsender Selbstverständlichkeit als reformationsrelevante Gegenstände behandelt.Der vorliegende Band untersucht zum einen, wie sich Reformationspolitik, konfessionelle Propaganda, Mission und Kolonialisierung in den verschiedenen Künsten und Kulturformen widerspiegeln, zum anderen wie diese Künste und Kulturformen ihrerseits den Prozess der Reformation prägten. Im Zentrum des Bandes steht die Musik, ihr zur Seite stehen theologische, alltagshistorische, literatur- und kunstwissenschaftliche Beiträge.

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Alvin J. Beachy

A major new contribution towards the history and theology of the Radical Reformation.
"... the study represents a break-through in Anabaptist research" (From the Foreword by George H. Williams)