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Souta Hidaka and Kazumasa Shimoda

sweetness judgment using a taste adaptation method. Adaptation to a basic taste (e.g., sweetness) after a while selectively reduces perceptual sensitivity to that taste (McBurney, 1972 ; Meiselman, 1968 ). While the adaptation effect occurs mainly at taste receptor cells and peripheral nerve systems

Patricia Loesche, B.J. Higgins, Philip K. Stoddard and Michael D. Beecher

SIGNATURE VERSUS PERCEPTUAL ADAPTATIONS FOR INDIVIDUAL VOCAL RECOGNITION IN SWALLOWS by PATRICIA LOESCHE, PHILIP K. STODDARD'), B. J. HIGGINS and MICHAEL D. BEECHER2) (Animal Behavior Program, Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle WA 98195, U.S.A.) (With 2 Figures) (Acc. 7

Tô Lan Nguyễn and Rostislav Berezkin

constitutes the earthly biography of Bodhisattva Guanyin (V. Quan Âm 觀音), a deity that was very popular in both countries. We examine the importation of baojuan into Vietnam and compare the social and cultural contexts in which Vietnamese adaptations of such texts were produced and circulated with the use

Pinchas Roth and Jonathan Rubin

אודות המעבר ” (“Behold, I have found something new in a Christian book about the passage”). 1 The second is found on fol. 7v, opening simply: “In another book” (“ בספר אחר ”). As we shall soon see, both of these short texts are adaptations of Latin/Romance texts composed within the context of crusading

Gabriella Gerzsenyi

308 Adaptation of Industrial Plants to Best Available Technology Judgment of the European Court of Justice in Light of Directives 84/360/EEC and 96/61/EC Gabriella Gerzsenyi* Council Directive 96/61/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC) is an important EU framework

Anne Kösem, Anne Kösem, Jean-Rémy Martin, Anne Kösem, Jean-Rémy Martin and Virginie van Wassenhove

To accurately perceive the synchrony of visual and auditory events, the brain has to compensate for the speed differences between light and sound. This compensation may be accomplished by the mechanism of temporal recalibration (Fujisaki et al., 2004; Vroomen et al., 2004) a mechanism through which the subjects become more tolerant to constant audiovisual (AV) asynchrony by virtue of adaptation. However, a constant AV lag means that both the source and the observer are fixed in space; in an ecological setting, if a source is moving backward or away from the observer it will induce a progressive change in the AV delay. The present study shows that synchrony perception of slowly synchronizing AV stimuli is driven by a persistence effect or hysteresis (Hock et al., 1997). Specifically, when AV stimuli are progressively synchronizing, participants do not compensate for the initial asynchrony but rather persist in perceiving asynchrony; surprisingly however, slowly desynchronizing stimuli do not alter the perception of synchrony. Our results show that synchrony perception strongly depends on the dynamics of past AV stimulation. Whereas temporal recalibration effects suggest that the brain has a natural tendency to compensate for AV time lags emitted from a distant stationary source, our results suggest that compensation of AV lags for a moving source may not occur and perceived asynchrony persists.

Nabila Louriz and Michael Kenstowicz

Brill’s Annual of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics 1 (2009) 41–74 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI 10.1163/187666309X12491131130701 Reverse Engineering: Emphatic Consonants and the Adaptation of Vowels in French Loanwords into Moroccan Arabic * Michael Kenstowicz and

G. Gea-Izquierdo, G. Battipaglia, H. Gärtner and P. Cherubini

Plasticity of xylem architecture can be a species specific strategy to reduce vulnerability to climate change. To study how the evergreen shrub Erica arborea regulates its xylem at different time scales as a response to climatic variability, we compared time series of annual xylem traits such as ring-width (growth), vessel size (hydraulic diameter and mean vessel area), vessel density, and potential conductivity (Kh) at two sites characterized by contrasting Mediterranean climates in Italy and Spain. Shrubs regulated their xylem in response to major differences in climate by modifying mostly their growth and vessel density. The different adjustment of xylem observed at the two sites was partly explained by the nonlinear nature of the relationship between the studied traits and temperature. Xylem development was mostly limited by low winter temperature at the cold and moist site, where plants produced more vessels per unit area of xylem and reduced growth in comparison with the warm and dry site. The responses of vessel size and density to climate were opposite. Vessel size and Kh were similar at the two sites and exhibited less sensitivity to climate than vessel density and growth. Humid conditions in spring increased growth and vessel size but decreased vessel density at the cold site, whereas the effect on xylem adjustment of high temperatures during the vegetation period was generally contrary to that of high moisture availability. These results likely express within species adaptations of the hydraulic function and the safety-efficiency trade-off in response to climate. A decline in growth in response to a recent decrease in precipitation at the dry site could be interpreted as a first sign of vulnerability to increasing drought severity. Similar to other species, climate change may have contrasting effects for E. arborea at its cold and dry distributional limits.

Kacper Nowacki

Walerian Borowczyk was a multifaceted artist, painter, writer, screenwriter, set designer and film director. Born in 1929 in Poland, he emigrated to France in 1957, and then began his career with experimental short animated films appreciated by the surrealists. This chapter will explore the main themes of his films and the way Borowczyk applies the surrealist perspective in his cinema. In 1968, after his first feature film, Goto, Island of Love, Borowczyk was revealed to the public as an erotic filmmaker. The raw nudity, the blurry dreamlike atmosphere and the Pan’s violence which he typically presented on the silver screen have been the subject of several controversies and even of censorship in the years 1970-1980. His cinematic universe draws its richness from characters or places coming from the variety of literatures and historical periods such as Lucrezia Borgia and Erzsébet Báthory in Immoral Tales (1974), Raffaello Sanzio in Three Immoral Women (1979), Lokis by Prosper Merimée in The Beast (1975), Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson in Dr Jekyll and His Women (1981) or André Pieyre de Mandiargues’s novels adaptations The Streetwalker (1976), Love rites (1988). In his films, Borowczyk tends to underline the sexual potential of art and literature as well as the sublime metamorphosis of sexuality. One can believe that the La Rochefoucauld quoted in Immoral Tales represents his artistic motto: ‘Love pleases more by the manner in which it shows itself than by itself.’ This chapter will analyse the most representative of Borowczyk’s erotic films in their relation to the surrealistic aesthetics.

Dan Cohen

REFERENCES Agrawal, A.A. 2000. Host-range evolution: Adaptation and trade-offs in fitness of mites on alternative hosts. Ecology 81 (2): 500-508. Bergelson, J., Dwyer, G., Emerson, J.J. 2001. Models and data on plant-enemy coevolution. Annu. Rev. Genet. 35: 469-499. Cohen, D