governance issues: from this perspective, the example of UN TargetedSanctions offers a prime example of how the public law perspective can be fruitfully adopted at the international level. The other, by Stephan Leibfreid, 17 is much more critical. By focusing on the most significant issue addressed by the
tools needed to make R2P work should include a capacity for quick targetedsanctions and emergency relief that can be initiated as soon as an early warning alert has been registered. Th is authority needs to be given to the Secretary-General to implement. Th e example of the Commonwealth should be
Committee have a direct impact on the conduct of thousands of businesses around the world on a daily basis.”
Also committees that administer so-called targetedsanctions, that is, sanctions that are directed against individuals and specific groups rather than states, exhibit a lack of
(Cf.) United Nations Security Council, Resolution 1267 (1999). 16) So-called “smart sanctions” or “targetedsanctions”. On the legal protection against “smart sanctions” of the Security Council: Schmahl, (2006) EuR 566. 17) Cf. note 6. 18) Common position 2002/402/CFSP.
64 Menz and Scholz
rights in Eritrea poses a threat to international peace and security;
Refer the situation in Eritrea to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court; [and]
Impose targetedsanctions, namely travel bans and asset freezes, on persons where there are reasonable grounds to
obligations with respect to UNSCOM. 3 In all these cases, Sweden has strived towards fine-tuned, targetedsanctions, for instance against responsible individuals. Further, Sweden has taken a strong posi- tion in favour of generous humanitarian exceptions. 4 Humanitarian considerations have also guided Sweden
Review in Domestic Courts
Multilateral targetedsanctions at the un -level are enacted by the un Security Council ( sc ) under Chapter vii of the un -Charter. They form a central part of the global strategy against terrorism. As their main instruments, they comprise asset freezes and travel bans
–307 State Practice 2005 Gregor Noll: Editorial Note on State Practice Reporting 309 Diana Amnéus: Swedish State Practice 2004–5: The Responsibility to Protect 311–315 Fredrik Stenhammar: Swedish State Practice 2004–5: United Nations TargetedSanctions 317–320 Current Issues Juha Rainne: The Work of the
member State, although this is not inevitable.
Antonios Tzanakopoulos addresses the shared responsibility of the un and its member States for breaches of the right to fair trial as a result of the application of targetedsanctions against supporters of terrorism. Such sanctions are normatively
States (conducted for the purposes of a study commissioned by the un Office of Legal Affairs on ‘TargetedSanctions and Due Process’), Fassbender defined ‘fair and clear procedures’ as requiring a number of minimum standards including the right to be informed, the right to be heard and the right to an