its international identity as a ‘normative power’. 51
In an indirect way, the EU also wanted to present itself as a more attractive partner for Ukraine than Russia, at least to prevent Ukraine from choosing the ‘Russian vector’. 52 For its part, Russia could offer Ukraine a common energy union
; Economic and Financial Affairs; Justice and Home Affairs; Transport, Telecommunication and Energy; Agriculture and Fisheries; Environment; Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs; Competitiveness (internal market, industry, research and space).
30) ‘ Rapportage berichtenverkeer ’, DWM 431
crime. These actors often influence public interests, but they represent private interests. Some diplomats specialize in activities relevant to these domains. They may focus on commerce and trade agreements. Others concentrate on foreign assistance, energy, or environmental issues. When they do, they
-Pacific economic relations, focusing on bc First Nations Energy and Mining Council ( bcfnemc ) efforts from 2011 to 2013 to represent their own communities to oil and gas investors from China. His article also identifies First Nations’ participation in global norm-making processes concerning investor rights
energies. Performance in such negotiations is measured by how much of a participant’s objectives were attained in the final agreement. In the deliberative processes at the un , however, the assumptions of goal attainment are rocky at best. Sponsors of a resolution may have a goal, and opponents may object
. Vogler, ‘The Challenge of the Environment, Energy and Climate Change’, in C. Hill and M. Smith (eds), International Relations and the European Union (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2nd edition 2011).
M. Smith / The Hague Journal of Diplomacy 6 (2011) 299-317 315 countries (Brazil, Russia, India and
be over-stated. For example, the P5+1 51 nuclear agreement with Iran in 2015 demonstrated strong evidence of US whole-of-government diplomacy, in which teams led by the US Secretaries of State and Energy negotiated an agreement in partnership with other countries that combined hard and soft
Fifth, ‘norms and institutions are intertwined within an efficient regime’. The regime is a set of mutual expectations, rules and regulations, plans, organizational energies and financial commitments. 59 All of these features have been clearly identified in the trends of legislative
which the United States is in conflict. The restaurant rotates its theme, focusing its energy on one conflict cuisine at a time. The first iteration, known as ‘Kubideh Kitchen’, served Iranian food, supplemented by community-supported events, performances and discussions. 71 A Skype-linked dinner and
so was towards the end of the 1890s. A press report in April 1899 noted that ‘an invasion of England, by a cricket team of pure Indians, appears at last to have achieved some sort of definite result’, and commended Framjee Patel, who ‘has helped forward the scheme with all his influence and energy