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Iker Zulaica-Hernández and Javier Gutiérrez-Rexach

meaning. The nature of the latter is not sufficiently clear yet and will probably be subject to further debate in the coming years. Expressive meaning can be viewed as comprising conventional implicatures in the sense of Grice (1975) , appropriateness conditions in a given context, or even more

Marta Dynel

in a piece of data doesn’t mean that it is, therefore, impolite, because these strategies are always subject to the context they are in. MD: You’ve mentioned that language users give their feedback on impoliteness formulae and the communicative patterns they consider impolite, which is related

Catherine Wearing

interpretation can apply unproblematically to the subject of the utterance. But how does ad hoc concept construction work when this is not the case? Wilson and Carston (2006, 2008) take up the “block of ice” example in their discussion of the emergent property problem, and suggest two ways that the

Sonja Müller

structure ( forms ) and conversational usages ( uses ) are conventionally related, the authors speak of sentence types . In English, such a sentence type is the yes-no question e.g. On the one hand, it has a certain form (verb-subject order, final rising intonation (cf. (17)). On the other hand, it is

Yan Huang

John smokes R/I-implicates that John smokes cigarettes. But according to Blutner (forthcoming), in Amsterdam, it may implicate that John smokes joints (cigarettes containing marijuana). Th is indicates that an R/I-implicated nar- rowing is also subject to cultural factors. 132 Y. Huang

Laurence Horn

-Hamiltonian John Stuart Mill, the delimiting of some is subject both to the vagaries of context and speech level and to the speaker’s epistemic state (as signaled by the added emphases below): Th ere are three ways in which one extent may be related to another …: complete inclusion, partial inclusion with partial

Bruce Fraser

. Th ere are adverbial DMs which occur in medial but not fi nal position, and vice versa as (17a-b) show, although if the segment subjects are the same, as in (17c), the DM may not occur in segment-medial position. 5 (17) a. Th e trip was tiring. Despite that , he ( *despite that ) remained cheerful

Assimakis Tseronis

they cannot express a proposition in the sense of indicating a subject and attributing something to it (see Novitz, 1977: 90). According to Novitz, pictures, like sentences, can express propositions with the difference that in the case of sentences it is syntax and grammar that help the hearer


Reinhard G. Kratz

be expected in the reconstruction of textual formation—of course, always subject to the proviso that it is a hypothesis. In particular, the numerous subtle reformulations in the Qumran examples, which would not be recognised without knowledge of the Vorlage , urge us to analyse the biblical texts in

Dániel Z. Kádár

from a language and interaction perspective. 2 I refer to ritual roles as “conventional” as they are subject to potential renegotiations, as example (3) in this paper illustrates. I.e. one can fulfil their ritual interactional role in an unconventional way. 3 Note that the notion of