outline of the leading approaches.
(a) While living in exile, Ernst Cassirer (1874–1945) summarized the main thoughts of his great three-volume magnum opus Die Philosophie der symbolischen Formen for his American readership in a smaller volume entitled An Essay on Man . There we find a brief chapter
How did people live in the Middle Ages? What factors shaped and determined their lives and how did they cope with life in their urban environment? These are questions that attract the interest of both the researcher and his readership in a very special way. It should be emphasized here that much
urban lifestyle. Still, he gives a vivid impression of the rich and heterogeneous social life in medieval Vienna that corresponds in many aspects with other contemporary sources. 15
Importantly, if Enea Silvio Piccolomini makes use of some distinctive categories of social affiliation—burghers and
It is a historical truism that the printing press revolutionized almost every aspect of life in Western Europe during the Renaissance. 1097 This was just as true for the ruling class as it was for other levels of society, for rulers were well served by the easy replication of texts and
, the purely natural body emerges only as a fiction projected from the social one that is the vehicle of everyday life.) Tears are a social practice, highly regulated in regard to time, place, and person, and invested with an elaborate network of multiple meanings. 1 Several of those meanings bear
a more mundane perspective what social factors motivated early modern Spaniards to reiterate this theological vision of music so vigorously.
I would argue that the notion of social harmony posed a special appeal to people living under the Spanish crown. The century after Columbus had
one of them. In our lives we may experience the loss of a wallet or of a loved one, we may feel the absence of pain after illness with relief or enjoy the silence of forests after the noise of big cities. Or we may think of technology and information management. In this latter field, contemporary life
cultivate a practice of hearing that is tempered by faith. Irízar and Carrión take a verbal discourse on sensation and faith, in which music is the paradigm of something that pleases the ear, and bring it to life through actual music. Galán attempts to create confusion among the senses: like Calderón’s play
. Before settling in the Austrian capital in 1924, he had basically been living the life of an itinerant musician. Thereafter he served for a while as a member of the famed Jena and Kolisch (a.k.a. Vienna) String Quartets and established the Society for the promotion of Jewish music, for which he became