of living the Russian Jewish way of life and held on the eve of the dramatic transformation of the country into a new society—the future Soviet Union. The book’s pictures clearly bore out its didactic approach and introduced the reader to the Jewish artistic tradition, which had by that time taken
European nations and evince their deep connection to the Polish land in which they had been living for centuries. In fact, the movement presented itself as one segment of a larger krajoznawstwo movement in Poland. Its formal constitution was virtually an exact copy of that which Polskie Towarzystwo
transmission in the eighteenth century and, subsequently Jews embraced photography and film at a time that visual mass media came to dominate cultural transmission in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
If Jewish producers have been inclined to construct Jewish life and Jewishness through the