developments. Divinatory methods have been invented and applied to dispel doubts about the future. To predict events, the Romans practiced augury, the divinatory observation of birds, and the Greeks queried the Oracle of Delphi to cope with questions in life. Likewise, the Chinese created a broad repertoire of
. The work was based on patristic teachings, Bede’s writings, and Carolingian texts, and its originality lay in Adso’s choice to model his account of the Antichrist on the form of a typical saint’s life, providing a traditional structure, based on a biographical format (passing from birth, life, and
offered a much-needed alternative to official (官方) publication, in terms of aesthetics, ideological orientation, and the social dynamics of literature and art. At this time, opportunities for official publication remained rare in spite of the “high culture fever” that marked intellectual life, which the
them died at Troy, the survivors living in secluded islands under king Kronos) appearing between the Bronze and Iron Races. In the time of Kronos, the Golden Race, dear to the gods, lived a god-like life without fear, misery, illness, and old age. This age of peace and beauty was made especially
one facet of a larger repertoire of practices centered around ritualized and often public acts of donation, commemoration, and memorialization. Donations were motivated by the desire to gain religious ‘merit’ which accrued to the donors and their family members, living and deceased, by virtue of these
whether she misses her son. Although she receives a stipend of only 20 yuan ($3.00) per month, all of her living expenses are taken care of and she enjoys temple life because she has the luxury to read books, play the erhu 二胡 and pipa 琵琶 (Chinese music instruments), and be free of all the stresses
explicit religious identity. They were, in the past, merely followers of the interconnected traditions of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism, livinga meaningful life rich with religious ritual activities without having any explicit religious identity.
When Chinese religions become increasingly global
communities, however, are to be partly blamed for their plight as well, by being greedy and forgetful of the values of the ancestors, namely, universal and humanistic values.
As has been noted, for Sindhunata, hybridity is a fact of life that can be painful. He advocates a spirituality of living in tension
accurately and in a richer context, in relation to the living traditions that keep the texts alive and pass them down in commentary, piety, and teachings offered too by contemporary teachers—and thus we can therefore achieve more fully rounded views of some of the best documented teachers of traditions
According to the core doctrines of Yiguandao, all people are living in a period of the imminent apocalypse of the world, and the only way to halt destructive disasters is that everyone can cultivate themselves as well as help other people’s conversion and cultivation. Once the majority of human