importantly, how could it effectively motivate moral actions? The textual-critical Confucians suggested simplifying the metaphysical structure and advanced a more “anthropologically based” understanding of the heart-mind (p. 9).
The second difference occurred mainly among the neo-Confucians themselves
between Muslims and Hindus, a fact that made it all the more difficult to accept the politically motivated carnage by organized groups in Gujarat in February–March 2002. After this pogrom, the past appears like averitable utopia.
In the 1980s, I carried out fieldwork in a village of
motivated by a desire for disambiguation, as the adaptation of a Sinitic word—be it phonetic, semantic, or both—may result in semantic ambiguity and likely cause confusion in reading. The choice of adaptation method may vary, as exemplified by plenty of instructive examples when discussing the
to be) a prerequisite for major economic advances. Geological factors have been crucial throughout economic history because concentrations of natural resources were required for survival, as well as for advancement of living standards (at least, for some people) due to technological progress:
before 1877 (Masumi, 1965). Next, the government dared to dissolve the traditional hereditary status system (Ochiai, 2015). The samurai class, which amounted to around 6 percent of Japan’s population, lost its income in exchange for small amounts of public bonds, and were forced to eke out aliving for
pitch standards. The timeless cosmic coherence shone again, this time through the living body of an aspirant monarch.
In the Song, a harmonious melody not only pleased one’s ear, but also signified order and authority. Music’s ideological heft motivated Song
documents that we selected for this volume allow us to do more than just look at the juridical field in a Central Asian oasis from the narrow confines of a royal court. When and where possible, we equally considered the actions of people that moulded the everyday life of the khanate in the center and at the
, the power to take life was a jealously guarded prerogative of the emperor, and so homicide represented not just a terrible act of violence, but also a form of usurpation. 782 Therefore, solving homicides ranked among a local magistrate’s most important responsibilities, and he and his staff came
one facet of a larger repertoire of practices centered around ritualized and often public acts of donation, commemoration, and memorialization. Donations were motivated by the desire to gain religious ‘merit’ which accrued to the donors and their family members, living and deceased, by virtue of these
her contemplative exploration of the Scottish Cairngorms, The Living Mountain , declared: “I believe that I understand in some small measure why the Buddhist goes on pilgrimage to a mountain … the journey is itself part of the technique, penetrating into the mountain’s life, I penetrate also, into my