considerations motivated the proposal of the Chaozhou Hungry Ghosts Festival as an intangible cultural heritage. The Hungry Ghosts Festival is a Buddhist celebration that originated in India and is known in China as Yulanpen 盂蘭盆 or the Yulan Festival. The story of Mulian, who rescued his mother from suffering in
monastic life, but recent work has pointed to a more complex mixture of factors, including issues specific to the female condition in Tibetan lay society and the alternative life that communities like Yachen offer.
Nuns maintain a low position within the Tibetan Buddhist hierarchy, but Yasmin Cho
, many ex-participants of the Bailin Chan Monastery’s summer camp living in Beijing rented apartment space to organize meditation sessions, sometimes inviting a local monastic to help. Some popular lay Buddhist activities are too large in scale for temple spaces. These include “life rescue” ( fangsheng
spaces is the existence of menstrual synchronicity (or the [Martha] “McClintock effect”) among women living together, dismissed by science but claimed by the women themselves. As Fahs (2016) argues, it allows women to feel that they have a unique, special and sacred relationship with Nature, with the
about “Living Religious Life on a Broad Canvas: Vatican II and Sister Mary Alban”. Sister Mary was one of the newly highly educated women religious who came of age after Vatican II , embracing the possibilities Vatican II offered for personhood in studying at the University of Toronto (taking
many differences. Rhianna’s story received national media attention in 2015. Rhianna is a Roman-Catholic transgender woman in her early sixties, also living in a small town in the Netherlands. She had decided to ‘continue life as a woman’ 14 seven years prior to becoming the church’s treasurer in the
dependent variable dates back to Max Weber’s analysis in his masterpiece The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism ( 1930). Other important sociologists were motivated to conduct further analysis ( Tawney  1967 ; Groethuysen 1927 ), and a specialized field of studies developed as
a stranger, who had a similar life experience. “I cried a lot. I was moved,” lsj recalled. After the incident, she went to church every week, got to know her future husband, who was also Christian, and became enthusiastic about converting acquaintances to Christianity.
lsj ’s Christian
introduced a third category—“ethnic minority churches”—to describe churches located in non-Han areas, like the churches of the Lisu people of Yunnan Province or of the Miao (Hmong) people of Guizhou Province. These ethnic minority groups are often described as less modernized and as livinga materially poor
For many devout or conservative Muslims marriage is often deemed the cornerstone of not only a person’s life but also society as a whole. A variety of web-based services play to this and allow members to search for partners not only by sect but also by the particular doctrine of Islam that they