robbers preparing an ambush. 2 Ignoring the fact that Clodius was just as likely to be prey as predator and that this particular journey cost him his life, Cicero was fundamentally right: it was a dangerous business being out on the roads of the Roman world after dark, and, as twilight fell, honest
proper Stoic life, with the poem as a whole an exhortation to philosophy. 1 Stoicism is undeniably central to the work, 2 as it is to Persius’ satire more broadly: his worldview everywhere on display is rooted in Stoic beliefs, and he is known to have studied with Lucius Annaeus Cornutus, the Stoic
and the uncertainties this gives a picture of Sappho’s life with a favourite girl. Such were the delights which they shared – the wearing of flowers as garlands or necklaces, the use of rich scent, visits to shrines and temples, no doubt because ceremonies were held in them. That this life was
rational reason. In fact, Drusus himself was the only impediment to livinga better life through proper employment of otium . His act may instead have been inspired by the peculiar mix of the desire for and dread of death that comes from alife of unfulfillment. Therefore, from a Stoic standpoint Drusus
insists on living without fear, even in the knowledge of possible loss. Apparently, he has introduced this episode purposely to set up the opposition between Aesopian ‘common sense’ and a philosophical perspective on human life and commitments.
Returning to the difficulty of speaking to power
of pity. Foolish too is the man who bewails the near approach of Hades though he has no hope of life (484 ff.)’. Yet, it is Iphigenia’s pity that motivatesa lengthy exchange which brings about the recognition and will save Orestes’ life.
In the recognition scene, however, the siblings
argued that at Iliad 9.318 Achilles plays on the different meanings of μοῖρα (1975: 18), a polysemy that I would argue is motivated by a conceptual metaphor of the form life is a limited resource . 30 Many terms for “fate” or, by a further metonymy, “death” in Homer have been traced back to terms for
, comparable to the one that took the life of Socrates. And thus, while Alcibiades squandered the advantages of living close to Socrates, Phocion, by contrast, is represented as a worthy successor to the philosopher, though the historical setting in which he lived did not allow him to develop fully an ἀρετή
Trojan War deeds, wanderings, return to Ithaca, and post-return adventures. Epic performances often overlapped in their presentation of specific moments in the life of Odysseus. What we now see as contradictions between the textual remnants of these traditions may be the result of a negotiation or even
of a poor man than be a king among the dead and appears to be more interested in the glory of his living son than his own posthumous fame ( Odyssey 11.487–494):
ὣς ἐφάμην, ὁ δέ μ’ αὐτίκ’ ἀμειβόμενος προσέειπε·
“μὴ δή μοι θάνατόν γε παραύδα, φαίδιμ’ Ὀδυσσεῦ.