Recent work has cautioned against using the term vaguely because of its inherent ambiguity. 13 In this article I discuss the resilience of Antioch as a city. This resilience was often correlated with, but was not identical to, the resilience of the human groups living within the city. 14 I
ecologies, and as pathogens evolve. If environmental history is the study of humanity’s changing relationship to nature over time, including both the physical and biological contexts of life, then disease history is properly a part of environmental history.
The purpose of this chapter is to lay out some
remarkable emperor, for the Temple Mount remains to this day one of the most contested spots on earth. If the Temple had been rebuilt, its cult restored, and if Jews had returned to Jerusalem in strength sufficient to make them a major third player in the life of the Holy Land, then the long and tumultuous