was written for posterity’s sake, the Jesuits’ derivative work was composed primarily with a devotional purpose in mind. To that end, the author gives his readers a chronological review of Margaret’s life and reign with an aim to direct them to imitate Margaret’s pious behaviors. The author weaves in
German princes and nobles. His conversion was considered in Germany as a strategy for living his adventurous life comfortably in Rome. For the pope, who had initially criticized his adventures, he was later a necessary intermediary with the German world, a symbol used in the catholic propaganda. 2
came to Rome, whether devout pilgrims or inquisitive foreigners, the passage through the door, leading to the “city of forgiveness” ( città del perdono ), could be influential in beginning alife free from sin and heresy. The ritual opening of the Holy Door, the objects used to pound upon it, the
.” 46 The Vicar also received a list “of the Lutherans who were found in the parish of S. Lorenzo in Lucina.” Some had been living in the private homes of foreigners who were longtime residents of Rome, like the tailor Abramo Clut, who hosted two German gentlemen and their servants. Similarly, in the
roundup and continued their labors, sometimes joining other religious orders or becoming parish priests, and often living under harsh conditions. A few missionized as wandering swamulus , a term for missionary sannyasis , holy men who had abandoned worldly life, in the remote Deccan interior. 248 In
’s constitution, prohibited heretic merchants from living, owning businesses and trading within his territories. The reality, however, was different and local authorities had less strict criteria. The counselors understood that it was ill advised to enter into a fight which the Tribunal of Faith could not be
’s domestic response to the papal excommunication. Many of the anti-Catholic policies pursued by the regime after 1570 were, at their core, motivated by fear of the extent to which the excommunication had altered English Catholic views of Elizabeth. Religious grievances had been a significant motivation to
Alexander Eaglestone and Joseph A. Munitz (eds.), Remembering Iñigo: glimpses of the life of Saint Ignatius of Loyola: the Memoriale of Luis Gonçalves da Câmara (Leominster: Gracewing, 2005), p.225.
36 Loyola, Sancti Ignatii de Loyola. Epistolae et instructiones , vol.3, pp.718–9.
37 Loyola to Jacob
session. Other occasions when sessions appointed carers to oversee parishioners with learning disabilities may have been motivated by similar concerns, especially those who did not have a relative who would be the most obvious candidate to oversee them. 92 While not totally absent in such cases, the
the word of God’ and healing their souls with ‘the medicine of the Most Holy Sacraments’. 115 Their privileges of absolution became a vital life-line to the excommunicates of Corsica. According to the missionaries, some came ‘from 60 or 100 miles away in order to be absolved from excommunication