veteran soldiers. First, the Americans fought motivated and well-equipped German soldiers that slowed the Americans’ pace to a crawl. The defenders, the veteran German 12th Infantry Division refitted and re-equipped after fighting in Russia, were not the demoralized German soldiers fleeing from France
conditions that mimicked older struggles over military intervention into Ghanaian family life. Across Africa after World War ii , European colonial powers imagined that creating reliable “industrial citizens” required changing prior ideas about work, mobility, property, and family. 54 “Industrial man had a
the bureaucratic system that had been designed to motivate Green Standard troops in battle and prevent the formation of personal attachments between officers and troops was in shambles. Corruption in the military had led to a situation in which awards were being handed out more often as personal
published in German in 2004, but has been translated into several other languages by now. 28 Soon after business adaptations started to appear in the United States, the text was adapted to other areas of life as well. The earliest of these works include a version aimed at martial artists by Stephen F
of their peers were from poor backgrounds so the pocket money made an impression. For these boys, military service was their only escape route from alife of poverty and were thus very motivated to complete their training regime of three or four years and endured the harsh disciplining regime. All
Coloureds and Asians joined the rsf against their wish, not from their hearts.
They became involved in the war like mercenary troops who took fighting as a business. Like mercenaries, Asians and Coloureds became soldiers to earn aliving and provide for the welfare of their families
of a nation seeking to treat its unnamed war dead no differently than their living counterparts – both comprise one and the same Korean nation.
In sum, Haboush’s work is an important addition to existing scholarship on pre-modern Korea and the formation of the nation-state. Concerns that the
suggested below, also saw their mission as defending the Chinese way of life against foreign influences. To ensure clarity, this article first discusses the emergence of a cohort of professional officers in China as the result of the late Qing military reform, and the political situation during the 1920s
sociologist Justin Tseayo, himself a Tiv, these economic motives were important as “The notion of a ‘martial tribe’ is not sufficient explanation for the Tiv’s massive response to the military call.” 63 Expanded Tiv military service during the Second World War significantly impacted life in the Benue area. In
everyday life is of great significance. This also means that the military and the civilian population had to find a way of living together, because the officers were usually billeted in civilian households. Although this fact was the most likely source for potential ill-feelings, all the authors paint a