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Author: Mauro Tosco

ideologically motivated . Not only Trubetzkoy underplays genetic classifications; to him, this is part of a wider rejection of hierarchical and evolutionary models. The resulting cultural relativism was instrumental to Trubetzkoy’s rejection of European civilization, considered foreign to Russia. Languages (and

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In: Journal of Language Contact
Author: Sarah Thomason

dialect from another (typically, maybe always, when the two speech forms are very closely related), changes other than borrowing that occur during a process of language death (specifically, attrition), and changes that are set off by an instance of interference but then proceed via internally-motivated

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In: Journal of Language Contact
Author: Donald Winford

he drive taxi for a living already. (p. 241) Chinese b. Zhāngsān kāi ché móu shēng le Zhangsan drive car for life COMPL ‘Zhangsan now drives for a living’ Processes of Creole Formation and Related Contact-Induced Language Change 129 Journal of language contact – THEMA 2 (2008) www. jlc

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In: Journal of Language Contact

language contact even in the cases of the so-called “internally-motivated changes.” This position of course entails acknowledging language and/or feature competition and selection as a central part of the engine which drives language evolution. Once we explain, as in Mufwene (2001), that the fundamental

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In: Journal of Language Contact
Author: Afifa Eve Kheir

overtime (2000 and 2017). In addition, the study examines the possible factors motivating convergence and composite Matrix Language formation resulting in a split language. The phenomena of codeswitching and borrowing in Israel were studied by several researchers (Abu Elhija, 2017; Amara, 2010; 2017

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In: Journal of Language Contact
Authors: Debra Ziegeler and Sarah Lee

part it’s all coloured already. However, Bao’s (2005) classifications of inchoatives also refer to the start of a new habit, a state of regular occurrences (4). (4) Last time John was a housing agent. Now he drive taxi for a living already. 3 ( Bao 2005 : 240) The remaining

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In: Journal of Language Contact

-speakers), Druze (Arabic-speakers) and others. During the past century, Israeli has become the primary mode of communication in all domains of public and private life among Israeli Jews. Israeli possesses distinctive socio-historical characteristics such as the lack of a continuous chain of native speakers from

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In: Journal of Language Contact

works diligently and faithfully and with commitment they will earn success, they will certainly obtain (their) reward . This is the only way to success in life; there’s no short cut , there no other way to achieve a sound outcome, sewai ek achhe mehnti career- ke— through other than INDF . DET good- ADJ

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In: Journal of Language Contact

methodological approaches to language-internally motivated variation and change? Can these two lines of research be integrated or is it necessary to devise a new model? Topics for the plenary talks are as follows: • Sarah Thomason (Michigan) – on internal and external processes of change in contact situations

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In: Journal of Language Contact

in ymiquiliz Tutemaquizticatzim Iesu Christo , “A divine instruction on the life and death of our redeemer Jesus Christ”, whose printed copy is housed at the John Carter Brown Library in Providence, RI: avh vquilhui: nutecuiuē, tehuatzim quinequi quipaca nuixitam? tehuatzim in huel nelli

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In: Journal of Language Contact