ideologically motivated . Not only Trubetzkoy underplays genetic classifications; to him, this is part of a wider rejection of hierarchical and evolutionary models. The resulting cultural relativism was instrumental to Trubetzkoy’s rejection of European civilization, considered foreign to Russia. Languages (and
dialect from another (typically, maybe always, when the two speech forms are very closely related), changes other than borrowing that occur during a process of language death (specifically, attrition), and changes that are set off by an instance of interference but then proceed via internally-motivated
he drive taxi for aliving already. (p. 241) Chinese b. Zhāngsān kāi ché móu shēng le Zhangsan drive car for life COMPL ‘Zhangsan now drives for aliving’
Processes of Creole Formation and Related Contact-Induced Language Change 129 Journal of language contact – THEMA 2 (2008) www. jlc
language contact even in the cases of the so-called “internally-motivated changes.” This position of course entails acknowledging language and/or feature competition and selection as a central part of the engine which drives language evolution. Once we explain, as in Mufwene (2001), that the fundamental
overtime (2000 and 2017). In addition, the study examines the possible factors motivating convergence and composite Matrix Language formation resulting in a split language. The phenomena of codeswitching and borrowing in Israel were studied by several researchers (Abu Elhija, 2017; Amara, 2010; 2017
part it’s all coloured already.
However, Bao’s (2005) classifications of inchoatives also refer to the start of a new habit, a state of regular occurrences (4).
(4) Last time John was a housing agent. Now he drive taxi for aliving already.
( Bao 2005 : 240)
-speakers), Druze (Arabic-speakers) and others. During the past century, Israeli has become the primary mode of communication in all domains of public and private life among Israeli Jews. Israeli possesses distinctive socio-historical characteristics such as the lack of a continuous chain of native speakers from
works diligently and faithfully and with commitment they will earn success, they will certainly obtain (their) reward . This is the only way to success in life; there’s no short cut , there no other way to achieve a sound outcome, sewai ek achhe mehnti career- ke— through other than INDF . DET good- ADJ
methodological approaches to language-internally motivated variation and change? Can these two lines of research be integrated or is it necessary to devise a new model? Topics for the plenary talks are as follows: • Sarah Thomason (Michigan) – on internal and external processes of change in contact situations
in ymiquiliz Tutemaquizticatzim Iesu Christo , “A divine instruction on the life and death of our redeemer Jesus Christ”, whose printed copy is housed at the John Carter Brown Library in Providence, RI:
avh vquilhui: nutecuiuē, tehuatzim
nuixitam? tehuatzim in huel nelli