However, Bao’s (2005) classifications of inchoatives also refer to the start of a new habit, a state of regular occurrences (4). (4) Last time John was a housing agent. Now he drive taxi for aliving already.
( Bao 2005 : 240)
The remaining function described by Bao (2005
overtime (2000 and 2017). In addition, the study examines the possible factors motivating convergence and composite Matrix Language formation resulting in a split language. The phenomena of codeswitching and borrowing in Israel were studied by several researchers (Abu Elhija, 2017; Amara, 2010; 2017
Teotamachilizti in yiuliliz auh in ymiquiliz Tutemaquizticatzim Iesu Christo , “A divine instruction on the life and death of our redeemer Jesus Christ”, whose printed copy is housed at the John Carter Brown Library in Providence, RI:
avh vquilhui: nutecuiuē, tehuatzim
can be probably treated as cultural borrowings. On the opposite, the words borrowed from Albanian contribute to the lexical variety of the dialect, rather than introduce a new way of life. Some of them are better known in the bilingual than the monolingual “true Mrkovići” villages, cf. damar ‘vein
inflection morphology. The only visible distinction in the source language contributions is that the Old Rapa features all contain a phoneme that contrasts with a corresponding Tahitian phoneme, in a given morpheme. Thus, source language division appears to be phonologically motivated, based on phonological
not view their residency as permanent. Refugees in the United States, who do not immediately see resettlement as a viable option and want to return to their homeland, may impede linguistic assimilation. Moreover, the social and cultural contexts of these refugees—living, in some instances, for
, and this issue is discussed briefly in §1.4.
This study is motivated by my interest in prehistoric language contact in smallscale neolithic speech communities in Melanesia. Section 1.2 provides some basic information about the languages of Melanesia, together with a striking example. Section 1
ideologically motivated . Not only Trubetzkoy underplays genetic classifications; to him, this is part of a wider rejection of hierarchical and evolutionary models. The resulting cultural relativism was instrumental to Trubetzkoy’s rejection of European civilization, considered foreign to Russia. Languages (and
dialect from another (typically, maybe always, when the two speech forms are very closely related), changes other than borrowing that occur during a process of language death (specifically, attrition), and changes that are set off by an instance of interference but then proceed via internally-motivated
he drive taxi for aliving already. (p. 241) Chinese b. Zhāngsān kāi ché móu shēng le Zhangsan drive car for life COMPL ‘Zhangsan now drives for aliving’
Processes of Creole Formation and Related Contact-Induced Language Change 129 Journal of language contact – THEMA 2 (2008) www. jlc