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Mary Walworth

inflection morphology. The only visible distinction in the source language contributions is that the Old Rapa features all contain a phoneme that contrasts with a corresponding Tahitian phoneme, in a given morpheme. Thus, source language division appears to be phonologically motivated, based on phonological

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Joshua R. Brown and Benjamin Carpenter

not view their residency as permanent. Refugees in the United States, who do not immediately see resettlement as a viable option and want to return to their homeland, may impede linguistic assimilation. Moreover, the social and cultural contexts of these refugees—living, in some instances, for

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Malcolm Ross

, and this issue is discussed briefly in §1.4. This study is motivated by my interest in prehistoric language contact in smallscale neolithic speech communities in Melanesia. Section 1.2 provides some basic information about the languages of Melanesia, together with a striking example. Section 1

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Donald Winford

he drive taxi for a living already. (p. 241) Chinese b. Zhāngsān kāi ché móu shēng le Zhangsan drive car for life COMPL ‘Zhangsan now drives for a living’ Processes of Creole Formation and Related Contact-Induced Language Change 129 Journal of language contact – THEMA 2 (2008) www. jlc

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Mauro Tosco

ideologically motivated . Not only Trubetzkoy underplays genetic classifications; to him, this is part of a wider rejection of hierarchical and evolutionary models. The resulting cultural relativism was instrumental to Trubetzkoy’s rejection of European civilization, considered foreign to Russia. Languages (and

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Sarah Thomason

dialect from another (typically, maybe always, when the two speech forms are very closely related), changes other than borrowing that occur during a process of language death (specifically, attrition), and changes that are set off by an instance of interference but then proceed via internally-motivated

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Salikoko Mufwene

language contact even in the cases of the so-called “internally-motivated changes.” This position of course entails acknowledging language and/or feature competition and selection as a central part of the engine which drives language evolution. Once we explain, as in Mufwene (2001), that the fundamental

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Lev Michael

the Kokamas and Kokamillas date to 1644, when Gaspar Cujía made friendly contact with the Kokamas of the lower Ucayali ( Chantre y Herrera, 1901 : 140). Cujía’s visit was motivated less by immediate evangelical goals than by a desire to reduce the frequency of raids by the Ucayali Kokamas against the

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Paul-Alain Beaulieu

represents a spoken language or a grapholect remains a contentious issue. Recent assessment of the evidence assigns a longer life to Babylonian as living vernacular than previously assumed ( Hackl , 2007: 149-150). 1 Written attestations of NA and NB/LB remain confined mostly to administrative and legal

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Christiane Andersen

linguistic phenomena. The general aim of the research presented here is to show what happens to the syntactic structure of a German variety when it is mixed with Russian by bilingual ethnic German speakers living in Siberia. More specifically, we want to investigate specific word order phenomena based on