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Authors: Rong Chen and Chunmei Hu

parties, two were Thanksgiving dinners, one was a Christmas party and the remaining two were get-togethers. Information about the American dataset is given in Table 2. Table 2 Information about the American dataset Data on the food offering behaviours of the Chinese living in the Xi

Open Access
In: Contrastive Pragmatics

as well with a certain time lag. Steinacker and Sünker (2010) describe the revolution of ‘68 as an anti-authoritarian movement with the declared aim to achieve a democratisation of all areas of life and a participation of everyone in all important decisions (2010: 25–26). Even though more recently, a

Open Access
In: Contrastive Pragmatics

.S. are living with Alzheimer’s, the most common cause of dementia.” 4 As the older population continues to grow in industrialized countries, the projected number of people with dementia will increase in the future, unless a cure is found. In cognitive and clinical studies, focusing on the cognitive

Open Access
In: Contrastive Pragmatics
Authors: Weihua Zhu and Diana Boxer

to reinvestigate these assertions by using empirical data, rather than native-speaker intuitions, relating to both American English and Mandarin Chinese spontaneous conversations among non-familial, relatively equal-status speakers in everyday life. 2 Turn-Taking Turn-taking refers to a

Open Access
In: Contrastive Pragmatics

representation: instead of saying LOVE IS A JOURNEY, LIFE IS A JOURNEY, A CAREER IS A JOURNEY, we simply say GOALS ARE DESTINATIONS, and that covers all the metaphorical mappings that are related to the idea of MOTION to a destination or a journey. There are two types of amalgams: single-source and double

In: Ten Lectures on Cognitive Modeling

, linguistically motivated disambiguation e.g. anaphor resolution. (Bottom up) Free enrichment : The sentence She took out the key and opened the door would generally be interpreted in a way such that the key that was taken out was the key used to open the door. Usually, free enrichment corresponds to the

Open Access
In: Enthymemes and Topoi in Dialogue
Author: Matteo Capponi

outstretched arm. 13 The gesture is used to symbolise the voice dynamic. The same principle is applied in the comic representations depicted in Apulian vase painting. 14 Thus the difference between drama and real life is unmarked. We can even draw a parallel between iconography, where the image remains

Open Access
In: Pragmatic Approaches to Drama

part of a plot and wants to convince Oedipus of his guilt. Extreme interpretations such as Ahl’s are fascinating because they explore the limit of our ToM. Murnaghan, in response to Ahl, points out that this kind of reading presupposes treating characters in literature as if they were part of real life

Open Access
In: Pragmatic Approaches to Drama

death, which he considers a “universal attribute of the instincts and perhaps of organic life in general.” There is a sort of “inertia inherent inorganic life,” an “organic elasticity,” characterized as “a compulsion inherent” in all organic lives to restore a former state “which the living entity has

In: How to Critique Authoritarian Populism

1 Introduction English is widely accepted as the primary international language, and it is becoming increasingly viewed as a basic skill required in most walks of professional life. For many governments and large institutions the question is not whether English should be promoted

In: International Review of Pragmatics