; on demotion see further Solstad & Lyngfelt 2006). This is why the passive is often regarded as a pragmatically motivated voice operation (e.g. Givón 2001), as it imposes an alternative construal on the same verbal event, by profiling it from the perspective of the Patient (on construal and profile
. Functionally, the optative -Kai is often used in an adhortative sense, the speaker motivating himself or herself to perform the respective action. The intention marker -Pe is not used in this sense, but rather codes a purposeful action or goal. Examples (551)–(554) exemplify this difference
The present contribution is about changes the consonant system of Slavic underwent as it was spawning some of the earliest dialect differences that can still be detected in the language of living speakers or early texts. The idea is to clarify and extend some details of the
question whether the embedded situation s is stratified for negation hangs in the air.
Hajičová’s observation is based on inspection of hearers’ or readers’ inferences. When hearing (5), a hearer may either infer that Petr’s lack of enthusiasm was motivated by their arrival, or that it was motivated by
(28) in Chapter 4), the theme is not one particular event, but rather a general rule of how life will be at that point, a context that is very compatible with imperfective aspect as used in modern Slavic languages (cf. also the difference between exemplary use of the perfective present and generalized