threat that motivated the creation of Köprülü 01589, as a way to conserve the city’s cultural resources in duplicate, and this situation could also explain why the manuscript left Shiraz early in its existence (on which, see below). 8 The manuscript is deserving of an exhaustive monographic study
constant background of Alexandria’s everyday life.
Many of the refugees who appear in the sources are connected with Palestine. In the Life of John the Almsgiver, one finds a mention to the bishop of Tiberias who took refuge there along with his family.
Additionally, John Moschos fled Alexandria
Picharôt and the Arabic al-Bashrūd, both denoting a large area of wetland and marshes extending to the east of Rosetta where the Bashmūrites were living in their boats or among the reeds which covered the marshy banks, selling papyrus or fishing.
This wilderness provided natural protection from
“solidarity networks” which “provide a setting for life at the destination, a basis for solidarity and mutual aid as well as for division and conflict” for the mobility of individuals. He emphasised, however, the potentially constraining effects of such networks through which “members of immigrant groups
armed retinues to other theatres of war could motivate individuals to evade them by crossing borders. After the restoration of Xusro ii on the Sasanian throne with the help of Emperor Maurice, Byzantium in 591 gained suzerainty over most of former Persarmenia up to a line near the capital of Dvin
migrants and host societies alike.
Another distinction should be about the question whether regional movement was politically or militarily motivated, or whether it was in search of labour. While the former was a trigger of phenomena such as the Arab conquests during the 7th and 8th centuries, or