Mr. K did not think it necessary to live in any particular country. He said: “I can go hungry anywhere.” One day, however, he was walking through a city that was occupied by the enemy of the country in which he was living. An officer came toward him and forced him to step down from the pavement
called the “subjectiﬁ cation” of society in private life. All this is open to a multiplicity of interpretations. A system requiring integration will favour the production of a strong and univocal belonging, while a social system already possessing a level of integration congruent with the complexity of
its foundation civilization.”’ Thus, “civilization and culture both refer to the overall way of life of a people, and a civilization is a culture writ large. They both involve the ‘values, norms, institutions, and modes of thinking to which successive generations in a given society have attached
universal” of his four types of legitimacy. Th eorists at the time of Durkheim and Weber, in short, emphasized “the binding force” of tradition among people of a particular culture. More recent approaches see “rhetorical appeals to tradition and the public ideologies of traditional authority that motivate
grounds of culture is how much room is given to the human potential for choice; the potential itself, however, is culturally invariant. To pursue self-chosen priorities is not only a universal potential of the human species. It is also a universal human desire, re ﬂ ected in higher life satisfaction when
unproblematically). On Nordic Welfare Research: Origins and Lacunae Nordic welfare studies originally departed from population surveys and poverty studies (Christie 1976), following a tradition whereby state com- missions or committees compiled living conditions surveys on various dimensions of people’s welfare. 2
, who face even worse psychological hazards (2006: 98), such as this respondent:
As I was saying, the French have psychological training to face kidnapping, to face abuse, especially for women … and I, never in my life have I gone to one of those sessions, I don’t even have a vest!
period in which settlements and organizations in Israel suffered from protracted rocket attacks. There was a direct threat to the life and property of individuals, and an extremely acute feeling of uncertainty and anxiety.
Researchers generally divide crises into phases and emphasize the importance of
human rights into a community’s daily life, their institutionalization and cultural integration, must take place only in particular local contexts if individuals are to be eﬀectively motivated: the interpretation of norms and the distri- bution of corresponding responsibilities can only be contextual
evidence exists suggesting that intolerance is related to the perception that a specific minority group poses a threat to the way of life of the majority (see Sullivan et al., 1982). Social identity theory explains the relationship between social background and tolerance by suggesting that inter