Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 6 of 6 items for :

  • All: Living a Motivated Life x
  • Life Sciences x
Clear All
Open Access

Series:

Kimberley Jayne and Adam See

.g., simulating prolonged presence of predators); marking methods ( Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour, 2018 ); from being wild-trapped and transported to a laboratory; or simply living in a laboratory environment can result in various degrees of suffering by impeding an animal from performing natural

Open Access

Series:

Mara-Daria Cojocaru and Philipp von Gall

through observance of the behavior of free living non-human animals. However, one would need to be an expert in behavioral animal sciences and animal cognition to prove this assumption right or wrong. Given that committees do not specialize in certain themes or research topics, it would be a coincidence

Open Access

Series:

Kathrin Herrmann

pain, or living in a barren cage. The biological consequences of stress and distress compromise rigor, reliability, and relevance of data collected from these animals (see Bailey, 2018 for a review on how stress of laboratory life and experimentation can adversely affect research data). Animal

Open Access

Series:

Craig Redmond

, “ The Principles was presented not as the final word of this science but as a foundation for future developments”. Russell and Burch (1959/1992) defined the 3Rs as replacement : “the substitution for conscious living higher animals of insentient material”; reduction : “reduction in the numbers of

Open Access

Series:

Andrew Knight

. PLoS ONE , 9 ( 6 ), p. e98856 . Holman L. , M.L. Head , R. Lanfear and M.D. Jennions ( 2015 ) Evidence of Experimental Bias in the Life Sciences: Why We Need Blind Data Recording . PLoS Biology , 13 ( 7 ), p. e1002190 . Home Office ( 2010 ) Statistics of Scientific Procedures on Living

Open Access

Series:

Christiane Baumgartl-Simons and Christiane Hohensee

life sciences that do not use animals, a broad range of papers not based on the use of animals, and an increased number of theses and higher qualifications, with a focus on animal-free methods. In Germany, for example, individual chairs in some federal states or Bundesländer (Baden