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Design Hypotheses Behave Like Skeptical Hypotheses

(or: Why We Can’t Know the Falsity of Design Hypotheses)

René van Woudenberg and Jeroen de Ridder

favored over the non-skeptical one.) 6 But what if X is not an artifact, but a seemingly designed feature of the living world or of the cosmos as a whole? Is premise (2’) true with respect to that as well? We will now argue that it is. 3.1 Biological Design Saying that biological design

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Peter S. Fosl

’s formulation, forms of life depend upon Übereinkunft (agreement) ( pi 355). So, as Bloor (1983) understood Wittgenstein to maintain, the possibilities of playing football, of being a football player, reasoning, playing backgammon, painting, promising, and even simply living as a human being are determined

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Benjamin Hill

’s skepticism as a compelling and viable way of life. Neto’s brief essay provides the strongest, albeit limited, support for theses (A), (B), and (D) of any of the twelve in the volume. The final three essays are in part four, “Three Reactions to Scepticism.” In “Giordano Bruno on Scepticism,” Tristan Dagron

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Avner Baz

avoided, he continues, “if it is nothing more than an instance of a general procedure we recognize and insist on in making and assessing knowledge-claims in everyday and scientific life” ( 1984 : 30–31). And this, in turn, is because we have no notion of knowledge other than what is embodied in those

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Allan Hazlett

psychologically difficult for you not to believe that p? The answer, I think, is that loyalties (which is to say: specific instances of loyalty) comprise a species of “ground project,” in Williams’s (1982) sense of a project that makes its partisan’s life worth living, one that gives her a reason to go on. It

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Majid Amini and Christopher M. Caldwell

philosophical claim to knowledge as well as its skeptical denial are ultimately “a spurious fi ction” that both should “be erased from the books” (Clarke 1972 , 762). Clarke’s analysis begins with the observation that the judgments and claims of knowledge that we make in “plain” or ordinary life are “immune from

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Annalisa Coliva

meaning of “Earth” that it has existed for a very long time. Yet, a direct referentialist could simply say that “Earth” refers to the planet we are all living on now, whether it has existed for a very long time or only for five minutes, and that this is the meaning of “Earth.” Faced with this kind of

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Chris Ranalli

that empirical practice—having alife’—presupposes unearned certainties, propositions “exempt from doubt” (2004b: 38). Wright (2004b: 49) also calls hinges “standing certainties” for any context. 6 Note that I do not offer this as a definition of what a hinge commitment or proposition is. This

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Michael Krausz

RA: I understand that you came to formulate your theory of creativity in the course of articulating your personal program in art. Am I right? Michael: Not quite. I’d been thinking about creativity in connection with the idea of a creative life, particularly when facing choices about whether to

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Jerry H. Gill

here-and-now. The term “eternal” is not thus seen so much as a temporal description as an adjective evoking a fresh insight into how and why one is living the present life. The overall point here is that terms that are unfamiliar or borrowed from other language-games can serve to enhance our