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apes as our closest kin. The obvious similarity in essential characteristics furthers empathy and motivates animal protection, and these animals certainly play an important role as flagship species. As long as no direct suffering is associated with their role as ambassadors for their last living

In: Cognitive Kin, Moral Strangers? Linking Animal Cognition, Animal Ethics & Animal Welfare

suffering has the right for its own interest not to suffer to be taken into consideration equally in relation to the same interests of other living beings . However, no right to life or the like is established by this. Singer certainly appropriately describes the role of the ability to suffer as a basic

In: Cognitive Kin, Moral Strangers? Linking Animal Cognition, Animal Ethics & Animal Welfare

longer related to our life and actions today. They are not history, but part of our own reality. If these animals die out, then this direct reference is lost, which could lead to a special form of dissociation between us and our connection to the rest of living nature. In recent years, environmental

In: Cognitive Kin, Moral Strangers? Linking Animal Cognition, Animal Ethics & Animal Welfare

survive but want them to have a quality of life commensurate with their needs and dignity: physical, psychological, social, and cultural” (196). The psychological, social, and cultural needs of animals are increasingly being recognized in their importance for the quality of life of animals and for a

In: Cognitive Kin, Moral Strangers? Linking Animal Cognition, Animal Ethics & Animal Welfare

and processes of others, thereby assuming that such states and processes motivate (re)actions and interactions. The term “theory of mind” was coined by David Premack and Guy Woodruff. Their 1978 article “Does the Chimpanzee Have a Theory of Mind?” linked an interest in theory of mind with a

In: Cognitive Kin, Moral Strangers? Linking Animal Cognition, Animal Ethics & Animal Welfare

internationally the trade in endangered living species and the trade in products derived from these species (such as meat, leather, wood, tourist curiosities, and medical products). The agreement covers more than thirty-five thousand species of animals and plants (see cites d; c). However, only a framework

In: Cognitive Kin, Moral Strangers? Linking Animal Cognition, Animal Ethics & Animal Welfare