, there are no material remains which can be linked to deportees living in Babylonia in the sixth and fifth centuries bce . 1262 When it comes to written sources, it is evident that a wealth of texts was produced in Babylonia during those two hundred years. Even the tiny portion that has come to us
Persian royalty were administered and their fields were cultivated. Despite the absence of Judeans, the presence of people with non-Akkadian names and the twin town of Hazatu suggest that groups of foreign origin were living in the villages surrounding the crown prince’s estate. 824 Second, there are a
assumes that “ordinary Romans lived well […] as a result of extensive markets” 24 and this allows him to suggest that the average standard of living in the Roman world was close to that of the 17th century Netherlands. 25 In this sense, Temin—like Josiah Ober who claimed that ancient Greece was
Meritefnut should continue in life ( Ꜥnḫ ḥm.t-nṯr Mry.t-Tfnw.t ), followed immediately by a reference to Shepenwepet II as “living” ( Ꜥnḫ.tἰ ). If Meritefnut were the missing prenomen of Amenirdis II, then a co-tenure between her and Shepenwepet II appears unavoidable. Such an arrangement must not be
exhibits figural and textual offerings on many subjects (religious, historical), in many media (carving, ink), and on a variety of canvasses (rock cliffs, temple walls).
Inscriptional content reveals that rock inscription carving was motivated by many different primary goals: they could serve as
vessels of choice and “workhorses” of ancient Egypt.
So dominant was maritime life in the Egyptian worldview that the earth was imagined as floating on a universe of inert and dark primordial waters, known as nw or nwn . 15 It should not be surprising, then, that watercraft were an essential part of
individuals can be simultaneously linked to both state and patronage logics (for example, an individual who gains control over a territory as the result of his being part of a state elite, but who then exercises patronage prerogatives over the population living in that territory). Evidence of these kinds of
to pre- pare them in such a way that they are quali ﬁ ed for jobs elsewhere in academia. These students and the discipline itself su ﬀ er a loss if they must leave academia altogether in order to sustain aliving, and thus can no longer contribute to the ﬁ eld. The need for help- ing students ﬁ nd
definition of this phenomenon, which Smith takes up. Assmann poses a definition that rests on equating the functions of gods, which then motivates the translation of gods. These two steps, however, are insufficiently differentiated in Assmann’s model, which leads to confusion.
In ancient polytheisms
, a style that he believed derived from Tanis Tanis under the influence of Asiatic populations living in the Delta. 6 He supported Golenischeff’s dating of the sphinxes; however, he ascribed the Nilotic dyads to Ramses II Ramses II and Cairo CG 395 Cairo CG 395 to the Hyksos (pls. XXXIX, XL ). J