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Pinghua Sun

included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights formulated as a common standard for all peoples: It would regard the core concept of Confucianism as the essential attribute of human beings, and this core concept would become the philosophical foundation of human rights and fundamental freedoms in

Mindfully Sharing Capital in Modern China

Culture of Giving and Influence of Chinese Philosophy

Shuang Lu, Juan Rios and Chien-Chung Huang

Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism Chinese culture prides itself on being one of the oldest civilizations to ever exist. Its rich and profound foundation of collective good built the social landscape of altruistic philosophy. Traditional Chinese culture established the foundation of China’s unique

Paul A. Barresi

, however, the concept also has purported since its earliest years to look to China’s ancient traditions, including Confucianism, for the wisdom necessary to achieve those goals. 30 The ecological civilization concept thus shares with China’s legal tradition insights drawn from the same ancient and

Yang Zewei

The Confucian world view in China was based on the concept of the Celestial Empire of China and embodied in the Tributary System. The Chinese view could not fit into the equal international relationship asserted among European countries. In the mid-19th century, especially after the Opium Wars, international law embarked on a furious collision with Chinese traditional Confucianism. Threatened by forces of Western powers, the Qing government had no choice but to come to compromise with the Western powers. Consequently, the Confucian world order based on the Celestial Empire of China collapsed and Chinese officials and scholars began to learn, accept and apply international law.

Guiguo WANG

of them have given international economic law a thorough and systematic treatment. This is so for many reasons, including research methodology and preferences of the scholars concerned. This article will employ the ontology of the New Neo-Confucianism (in Chinese, Xin Li Xue)1 initiated by the

.Byoung-Ho Park, “Traditional Korean society and law” in Business laws in Korea. 2.ed. Chan-Jin Kim, Seoul, Panmun Book Company, Ltd. [1988], pg. 57 at pg. 63. It is difficult for the western mind to comprehend the all-embracing philosophy represented by Confucianism; it is a totality similar to Islam, the legal

resolution of the twin forces of Legalism and Confucianism. The creation and imposition of a national legal system in China was achieved in the 3rd century B.C. at the expense of individual freedom and moral persuasion. The subsequent failure of the more authoritarian legalism encouraged the revival of

:// Religion The Basic Law protects religious freedom as one of the fundamental rights of Hong Kong’s residents. The majority of Hong Kong’s residents of Chinese descent practice traditional Chinese religions, such as Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism

than a 2000 years feudalist period in China, the culture of the rule of virtue advocated in Confucianism remained the main stream while the culture of rule of law was considerably weak.” 2005 China law no. 5, pg. 52 at pg. 52. The ensuing dynasties, up to the final Manchu Ch’ings (1644–1911), tended to