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Académie de Droit International de la Ha

The Academy is an institution for the study and teaching of public and private international law and related subjects. Its purpose is to encourage a thorough and impartial examination of the problems arising from international relations in the field of law. The courses deal with the theoretical and practical aspects of the subject, including legislation and case law.
All courses at the Academy are, in principle, published in the language in which they were delivered in the Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law.
This volume contains: - Procedure in the European Courts: Comparisons and Proposals by R. PLENDER, Professor at the University of London; - La révision institutionnelle de l'Union européenne, par M. OREJA AGUIRRE, membre de la Commission européenne, Bruxelles.

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Académie de Droit International de la Ha

Why Do We Need a Law of Treaties? Inaugural Lecture by Sir Franklin Berman;
Protection internationale des droits de l’homme et activités des sociétés transnationales par Fabrizio Marrella.

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Académie de Droit International de la Ha

Democracy Promotion : Institutions, International Law and Politics by R. Müllerson.
The lectures concentrate on the role of international organizations (the UN, EU, OSCE) as well as individual states in promoting democracy. Fundamental questions such as whether democracy will be a destiny of humankind, democracy-readiness and factors facilitating or hindering democratization are also dealt with in depth. Philosophical, political and legal aspects of democracy and democratization are discussed in the context of geopolitical and economic interests of different states.

Responsabilité de l’Etat pour violation des obligations positives relatives aux droits de l’homme, par Riccardo PISILLO MAZZESCHI.
Ce cours tient compte de l’importance toujours croissante des obligations positives relatives aux droits de l’homme et des rapports réciproques qui existent entre le secteur normatif des droits de l’homme et le droit international dans son ensemble. Dans cette perspective, le cours aborde le sujet de la violation des obligations positives relatives aux droits de l’homme et de la relative responsabilité des Etats en proposant une théorie générale sur les obligations internationales et en conduisant un examen systématique de la jurisprudence et de la pratique des instances internationales de contrôle sur les droits de l’homme.


Boutros-Ghali, Boutros

This chapter is part of: Le droit international à la recherche de ses valeurs : paix, développement, démocratisation (Volume 286) Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law (Volume 286) Publication Editor: Hague Academy of International Law Volume: 286 Brill | Nijhoff, Leiden

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Académie de Droit International de la Ha

General Course (Le droit international à la veille du vingt et unième siècle: normes, faits et valeurs, par J.A. PASTOR RIDRUEJO, professeur à l'Université Complutense de Madrid).
This volume comprises a coherent and logically sequential accumulation of `chosen subjects' from contemporary international law. The starting point for the study of these subjects is norms, rising to values and descending to facts, it being understood that this threefold approach will be an integrated approach. Le Professeur Pastor Ridruejo, de l’Université Complutense de Madrid, entreprend dans ce cours un exposé systématique du droit international à partir de quatre points de départ fondamentaux. Le premier chapitre est ainsi consacré aux caractères généraux du droit international, à ses caractéristiques par rapport au droit interne, qu’il s’agisse des sources, de la prévention et ou de la sanction des violations, ou du règlement des différends. Le deuxième chapitre porte sur les aspects génériques des acteurs des relations internationales, qui sont en même temps des sujets du droit international : les individus, les peuples, les États et les organisations internationales. Le troisième chapitre étudie les régimes juridiques des espaces (territoire étatique, espaces maritimes, espace extra-atmosphérique ou espace extérieur). La conclusion aborde la question des valeurs poursuivies à l’époque actuelle par le droit international : moralisation, humanisation, socialisation et démocratisation.
Le système monétaire international privé (UEM et euromarchés, par D. CARREAU).
International monetary relations have changed considerably since the signature of the Bretton Woods Agreements in 1944. The progressive and increasing globalization of the economy has led to the privatization of national currencies. This phenomenon has revealed itself in the massive utilization of the great national currencies even outside their area of legal circulation, which has resulted in the appearance of Euro-arkets. Furthermore, on the regional plane, the continued existence of competing national currencies may appear obsolete if placed in the context of international financial globalization and of the creation of a unified economic area which has given rise to the creation of the single European currency (EMU). A priori, relève l’auteur, Professeur à l’Université de Paris I, tout sépare les euromonnaies (auxquelles ont donné naissance les euromarchés) et l’euro de l’Union européenne. C’est là tout l’intérêt de la réflexion, qui incite à s’interroger sur le processus de création monétaire. C’est l’objet du premier chapitre du cours de Dominique Carreau. Le deuxième chapitre étudie le fait que les euromonnaies, à l’inverse de l’euro, semblent relever d’une autre conception de nature sociologique qui fait de la monnaie une institution choisie par les utilisateurs. Dans le troisième chapitre, l’auteur s’interroge sur ce qu’il reste de souveraineté aux États en matière monétaire, étant donné les contraintes que leur font subir les marchés internationaux.

Series:

Académie de Droit International de la Ha

The Academy is an institution for the study and teaching of Public and Private International Law and related subjects. Its purpose is to encourage a thorough and impartial examination of the problems arising from international relations in the field of law. The courses deal with the theoretical and practical aspects of the subject, including legislation and case law.
All courses at the Academy are, in principle, published in the language in which they were delivered in the Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law.
This volume contains:
• Le droit international à la recherche de ses valeurs: paix, développement, deémocratisation (conférence inaugurale) par B. BOUTROS-GHALI, membre du Curatorium de l'Académie; secrétaire général de la Francophonie, Paris.
• The Evolution of International Law of the Sea: New Issues, New Challenges by T. SCOVAZZI, Professor at the University of Milan-Bicocca.
• Capital Markets and Conflict of Laws by H. KRONKE, Professor at the Institute of Foreign and International Private and Economic Law, Heidelberg.

To access the abstract texts for this volume please click here

Rules and Institutions of International Humanitarian Law Put to the Test of Recent Armed Conflicts

Les règles et les institutions du droit international humanitaire à l’épreuve des conflits armés récents 2007

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Edited by Michael Matheson and Djamchid Momtaz

This volume is the product of the Centre for Studies and Research of the Hague Academy of International Law for 2007. A total of 23 young academics and practitioners from 16 countries participated in the Centre’s summer session, and all contributed to a very valuable scholarly exploration and exchange of views on a vital topic. The volume consists of the introductory reports of the two Directors of Studies (Professor D. Momtaz of the University of Teheran and Professor M.J. Matheson of George Washington Law School), together with contributions by 13 of the Centre participants that were deemed to be particularly worthy of publication, an extensive bibliography and a general index.
The topic for 2007 was “Rules and Institutions of International Humanitarian Law Put to the Test of Recent Armed Conflicts”. It reflects the fact that international humanitarian law has gone through a period of considerable expansion and development in the past two decades, including the conclusion of several new international humanitarian law conventions and codes of offences, the creation of a number of criminal tribunals
to prosecute international humanitarian law violations, and the effort by the ICRC to produce a comprehensive elaboration of customary law in the field. But the topic also reflects the fact that this body of law has been seriously tested by the armed conflicts of recent years, which have often been vast in scope, long in duration and severe in their human consequences. These conflicts have challenged both the norms themselves
and the new institutions that have been created to enforce them.

Cet ouvrage est le fruit des travaux du Centre d’étude et de recherche de l’Académie de droit international de La Haye de 2007. Un total de vingt-trois jeunes enseignants et praticiens provenant de seize pays différents ont participé à la session d’été du Centre, et tous ont contribué à une exploration scientifique et à un échange de vues d’un grand intérêt sur un sujet essentiel. Ce volume comporte les rapports introductifs des deux
directeurs d’études, ainsi que les contributions de treize participants au Centre qui ont été jugées particulièrement intéressantes pour être publiées, une bibliographie très étendue et un index général. Le sujet choisi pour 2007 a été « Les règles et les institutions du droit international humanitaire à l’épreuve des conflits armés récents ». Ce choix reflète le fait que le droit international humanitaire a connu une période d’expansion et de développements importants au cours des deux dernières décennies, y compris la conclusion de plusieurs nouvelles conventions et codes pénaux en cette matière, la création d’un certain nombre de juridictions pénales pour la répression des violations du droit international humanitaire, et les efforts du CICR en vue de circonscrire le droit coutumier dans ce domaine. Mais le choix de ce sujet reflète également le fait que ce corpus de droit a été sérieusement mis à l’épreuve par les récents conflits armés, lesquels ont souvent été vastes dans leur étendue, longs dans leur durée, et sévères dans leurs conséquences humaines. Ces conflits ont mis au défi à la fois les normes ellesmêmes et les nouvelles institutions créées pour les sanctionner.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 30.

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Académie de Droit International de la Ha

Transnational Commercial Law and Conflict of Laws: Institutional Co-operation and Substantive Complementarity by Herbert Kronke
This Hague lecture takes issue with suggestions that transnational commercial law and its wide variety of instruments, including soft-law instruments, might be an alternative to classic administration of trans-border transactions and disputes by way of conflict-of-laws rules. Rather, the latter and the former complement each other. Moreover, the intergovernmental Organizations charged with developing and modernizing conflict-of-laws rules and substantive rules are co-operating with a view to enhancing the tools at the disposal of businesses and courts. The lecture identifies and explains current examples in the area of financial services, secured transactions, and contract law.

The Human Rights of Undocumented Migrants by Loretta Ortiz Ahlf
International human rights law has offered humankind various international instruments that guarantee every person the effective protection of his or her human rights. However, these rights have not been effectively guaranteed by States in the case of undocumented migrants because these people do not have legal status in the destination country. The first section of this work defines the concept of undocumented worker in order to differentiate him or her from a refugee, an asylee or a displaced person. Universal and regional human rights treaties, as well as international jurisprudence, are then analysed, centring attention on the human rights that are violated most frequently against undocumented workers, such as the right to non-discrimination, the right to residence and free movement, the right of access to justice, labour rights the right to freedom and the right to family reunification, among others.

Pan-Africanism and International Law by Abdulqawi A. Yusuf
Pan-Africanism offers a unique vantage point to study Africa’s encounters with international law : first, as a continent whose political entities were excluded from the scope of application of the Eurocentric version of international law that was applied among the self-styled club of “civilized nations” ; second, through the emergence of African States as subjects of international law willing to contribute to the reform and further development of the law as a universal interstate normative system; and third, as members of the OAU and the AU acting collectively to generate innovative principles and rules, which, though applicable only in the context of intra-African relations, either go beyond those existing at the universal level or complement them by broadening their scope. This study examines those encounters through the various stages in the evolution of Pan-Africanism from a diaspora-based movement, engaged in the struggle for the emancipation of the peoples of the continent, to groupings of independent States and intergovernmental organizations which continue to promote African unity and influence the development of international law to make it more reflective of diverse legal traditions and values.

Efficiency in Private International Law by Toshiyuki Kono
Private international law (PIL) problems have existed for centuries when people from various territories and religious and social groups engaged in mutual contacts. Some of the core issues of this discipline have been critically reviewed during the so-called conflicts revolution which took place during the twentieth century in the American academic literature and court practice. However it seems that not much discussion on methodologies of PIL has developed since then. This lecture, inspired by the Law and Economics approach, introduces the concept of efficiency into PIL, aiming to show new dimensions of traditionally important issues. First, this author challenges the traditional understanding that uniform law is always more desirable than PIL, and raises questions on the rationale and possibility of the unification of PIL. Second, territoriality has been understood to exclude PIL. This lecture clarifies why such understanding does not hold in the twenty-first century especially in the field of intellectual property, and argues that a one-sizefits-all model would not be appropriate in the context of cross-border insolvency

Boutros-Ghali, Boutros

l’histoire bascule et que la civilisation progresse., This course contains the following chapters: Abstract texts pp. 1-1 Matière préliminaire pp. 9-16 Introduction pp. 17-22 A la recherche de la paix pp. 23-26 A la recherche du développement pp. 27-30 A la recherche de la démocratisation pp. 31