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Birgül Demirtaş

The perception of Turkey as a model of attractive country in the region has started to change in the recent years. In the first decade of the JDP rule Turkey was seen as an emerging power with its strong economy, improving democracy and inspiring foreign policy. However, the developments since the Arab Uprisings in the neighbourhood, Gezi movement at home, end of the Kurdish peace process, as well as coup attempt and subsequent de-democratisation harmed the soft power of Turkey. This study argues that the JDP’s understanding of democracy and democratisation has been full of flaws from the very beginning of its rule. The Turkish example shows that countries can experience subsequent processes of de-democratisation and de-democratisation if governing parties did not endogenise the basic norms of democracy. Therefore, it is argued that the reverse wave of de-democratisation characterises Turkey more than the “selective” processes of democratisation. It is also argued that JDP elite via its discourse has been constructing the West as the ‘Other’.

Fadia Kiwan

sur les associations. Elle avait pour effet d’encourager la formation libre de multiples associations. A cet égard et jusqu’à maintenant (2013) et malgré les mouvements de démocratisation qui ont surgi dans plusieurs pays arabes, le Liban demeure pionnier et fait exception dans sa législation et sa

Sevilay Kahraman

that the repercussions of this ideological reformulation were both immediate and long-lasting but he left the analysis of the two logics in relation to Turkey’s subsequent and thorny democratization process incomplete. Further, in the Conclusion, Döşemeci introduces the stipulatory logic on the eu ’s

Dale J. Correa

, and Democratizing Access to the World Heritage of Islamic Manuscripts: The Zaydī Tradition,” Chroniques du manuscrit au Yémen 23 ( 2017 ), pp. 103 - 166 , https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12111/28 . Schmidtke , Sabine , Traditional Yemeni Scholarship amidst Political Turmoil and War

E. Khayyat

era, which crystalized as the urge to democratize language and literature, will lead to the fulfillment of these ideals in this survey, which, as we will see, may at once be interpreted as their very destruction. 2 One can go back to the 15th century with ease in accounting for the traditional

Frédéric Coste

’inverse, le mouvement indien accorde une importance capitale au mufti dont il est nécessaire de suivre la conduite, même sans que celui-ci n’ait besoin de se justifier. Ils rejettent ainsi toutes les tendances modernistes qui favorisent une démocratisation de la pratique de l’ ijtihād . Il est attribué au

Rosita Di Peri

Manifesto 2011 Amsterdam Amsterdam University Press Anserson Lisa “Searching where the light shines: Studying Democratization in the Middle East” Annual Review of Political Science 2006 9 189 214 Azani Eitan Hezbollah—a global terrorist

Rosita Di Peri

movements and associations can represent, in wake of the changes that occurred with the Arab uprisings, a valid alternative to the communitarian society today, an effective stimulus that could lead to a greater democratization of the country. The emerging picture is composite and often contradictory, but

Leila El Houssi

of rights remains an open question in the Arab Muslim world. Nevertheless, Tunisia seems to be a flagship in the Mediterranean at this historic point in time. 1 Moghadam, Valentine. “Modernising Women and Democratisation after the Arab Spring”. The Journal of North African Studies , 19